The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne viral infection that initially happens in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Most people affected by the Zika virus have no signs and symptoms, while others report nominal fever, rash, and muscle pain. Other signs and symptoms may consist of headaches, red eyes (conjunctivitis), and a general feeling of discomfort. Zika virus is also known as Zika or Zika virus disease.
Zika virus infections during pregnancy have been connected to miscarriage and can create microcephaly, a potentially fatal congenital brain situation. The Zika virus also may cause other neurological disorders like Guillain-Barre syndrome. Researchers are working on a Zika virus vaccine. For now, the best prevention mechanism is to prevent mosquito bites and decrease mosquito habitats as far as possible.
Zika Virus Symptoms
As many as 4 out of 5 people affected by the Zika virus have no Zika virus symptoms. When symptoms do arise, they generally start two to seven days after a person is bitten by an infected mosquito. Signs and symptoms of the Zika virus most popularly consist:
1) Low fever
3) Joint or muscle pain
Other Zika virus symptoms may contain:
2) Red eyes (conjunctivitis)
Most people recover fully, with symptoms resolving in about a week.
Need for Doctor consultation
Consult with the doctor if you think you or your family member may have affected the Zika virus, particularly if you have recently traveled to an area where there’s an ongoing process of Zika virus. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has blood tests to look for the Zika virus or other similar diseases like dengue or chikungunya viruses, which are expanded by the same type of mosquitoes.
Zika Virus Causes
The Zika virus causes are initially through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito, which can be seen across the globe. The virus was first discovered in the Zika Forest in Uganda in 1947, but outbreaks have since been reported in southeastern and southern Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Americas. The Zika virus causes are when a mosquito bites a person affected with the Zika virus, the virus enters into the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus enters that person’s blood flow. The virus can also be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy. Transmitted of the virus through sexual contact and blood transfusion has also been observed.
Zika Virus Problems
Zika virus problems during pregnancy have been connected to miscarriage and microcephaly, a potentially fatal congenital brain situation. The difficulties of Zika virus may also lead to congenital Zika syndrome, which contains these birth defects:
1) Massive microcephaly with a partly collapsed skull
2) Brain damage and reduced brain tissue
3) Eye damage
4) Joint problems, including limited motion
5) Weakened body movement due to too much muscle tone after birth
The Zika virus problems also may lead to other neurological disorders like Guillain-Barre syndrome.
Zika Virus Diagnosis Test
The doctor will definitely ask about your medical and travel history for the Zika virus diagnosis test. Be sure to explain international trips in detail, including the countries you and your sexual partner have traveled and the dates, as well as any contact you may have had with mosquitoes.
Consult to your doctor about which tests need to be done for the Zika virus diagnosis — or similar diseases like dengue or chikungunya viruses, which are transmitted by the same type of mosquitoes — are available in your area. The doctor may do a blood or urine test to diagnose the Zika virus.
If you are pregnant with no symptoms of Zika virus infection with a history of a recent visit to an area with an active Zika virus, transmission can be provided testing two to 12 weeks after she comes back.
Following positive, inconclusive, or negative test results, care providers may:
1) Perform an ultrasound to identify microcephaly or other abnormalities of the brain
2) Offer to take a sample of amniotic fluid using a hollow needle placed into the uterus (amniocentesis) to figure out for Zika virus
Zika Virus Treatment Mechanism
There is no particular antiviral treatment for the Zika virus exists. The mechanism of Zika virus treatment is focused on relieving symptoms with rest, fluids, and medications to relieve joint pain and fever.
There is no vaccine exists to prevent the Zika virus. But many vaccines are currently under clinical trials. At present other Zika virus treatment mechanisms are also under process.
How to prevent Zika Virus from spreading?
We already know there is no vaccine to prevent Zika virus from spreading
The CDC advices all pregnant women to avoid traveling to areas where there is an outbreak of the Zika virus. If your partner who lives in or has visited an area where there is an outbreak of the Zika virus, the CDC suggests retaining from sex during pregnancy or using a condom during sexual contact.
If you are trying to become pregnant, consult your doctor about any upcoming travel plans and the risk of getting affected by the Zika virus. The doctor may advice you and your partner to wait to try to conceive for many months. During sexual contact, use a condom to decrease the risk of getting or spreading the Zika virus if you or your partner lives in or has visited an area where there is a spread of the Zika virus. Or neglect sexual contact.
If you are living or visiting in tropical areas where the Zika virus is known to be, these tips may help to decrease your risk of mosquito bites:
1) Stay in the air-conditioned or well-closed boundary
2) Wear protective clothing
3) Apply mosquito repellent cream or ointment
4) Try to decrease mosquito habitat