Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection. In many people, it’s marked by a horrible hacking cough followed by a high-pitched intake of breath that sounds like “whoop.”
Before the vaccine was invented, whooping cough was treated as a childhood disease. Now whooping cough initially targets children too young to have completed the full course of vaccinations and teenagers and adults whose immunity has low. Deaths related to whooping cough are rare but most popularly happen in infants. That’s why it’s so significant for pregnant women and other people who will have close contact with an infant. It is to be vaccinated against whooping cough.
Whooping Cough Symptoms
Once you become affected by whooping cough, it takes about seven to ten days to arise Whooping cough symptoms, though it can often take longer. Whooping cough symptoms generally nominal at first and resemble those of a common cold:
1) Runny nose
2) Nasal congestion
3) Red, watery eyes
After a week or two, signs and symptoms of Whooping cough become worse. Thick mucus accumulates inside your airways, making uncontrollable coughing. Horrible and long coughing attacks may:
1) Provoke vomiting
2) Result in a red or blue face
3) Make extreme fatigue
4) End with a high-pitched “whoop” sound during the next breath of air
However, many people don’t promote the characteristic whoop. Often, a persistent hacking cough is the only sign that an adolescent or adult has whooping cough. Infants may not cough at all. Instead, they may have trouble to breathe, or they may even temporarily stop breathing. Persistent cough and breathing trouble are the main Whooping cough symptoms.
Causes of Whooping cough
Whooping cough is caused by a type of bacteria known as Bordetella pertussis. When an affected person coughs or sneezes, tiny germ-laden droplets are spread into the air and breathed into the lungs of anyone who occurs to be nearby are causes of Whooping cough.
What are the Complications seen in Whooping cough for adults and infants?
Teens and adults sometimes recover from whooping cough with no complications of Whooping cough. When problems arise, they tend to be side effects of the strenuous coughing, like:
1) Bruised or cracked ribs
2) Abdominal hernias
3) Broken blood vessels in the skin or the whites of your eyes
In infants specifically, those under 6 months of age problems from whooping cough are more horrible. Whooping cough complications may contain:
2) Slowed or stopped breathing
3) Dehydration or weight loss due to feeding problems
5) Brain damage
Because infants and toddlers are at the highest risk of complications from whooping cough, they’re more likely to require treatment in a hospital. Problems can be fatal for infants younger than 6 months old.
Whooping cough Diagnosis
Diagnosis of whooping cough in its primary stages can be severe because the signs and symptoms resemble those of other prevalent respiratory illnesses, like a cold, the flu, or bronchitis.
Often, doctors can make a diagnosis of whooping cough by merely asking about symptoms and listening to the cough sound. Medical tests may be required to assure the diagnosis. Such tests may contain:
1) A nose or throat culture test
2) Blood Test
3) Chest X-ray
Treatment of Whooping cough
Infants are typically hospitalized because of Whooping cough treatment is more critical for that age group. If your child can’t stay down liquids or food, intravenous fluids may be required. Your child will also be isolated from others to prevent the infection from expanding. Treatment of Whooping cough for older children and adults generally can be managed at home.
Prevention mechanism of Whooping cough
The best way to prevent whooping cough is with the pertussis vaccine, which doctors sometimes provide in combination with vaccines against two other serious diseases diphtheria and tetanus. Doctors advice starting vaccination during infancy. The vaccine contains a series of five injections, typically given to children at these ages:
1) 2 months
2) 4 months
3) 6 months
4) 15 to 18 months
5) 4 to 6 years