All Information about Tonsillitis Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat, one tonsil on each side. Signs and symptoms of tonsillitis involve swollen tonsils, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the neck. In maximum cases of tonsillitis are caused by infection with a common virus, but bacterial infections also may make tonsillitis. Because proper treatment for tonsillitis based on the cause, it is significant to get a prompt and accurate diagnosis of tonsillitis. Surgery to eliminate tonsils, once a standard process to treat tonsillitis, is typically done only when bacterial tonsillitis happens frequently, does not respond to other treatments, or causes severe complications of tonsillitis.

Symptoms of Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis most popularly influences children between preschool ages and the mid-teenage years. Common signs and symptoms of tonsillitis consist of:

1) Red, swollen tonsils
2) White or yellow coating or patches on the tonsils
3) Sore throat problem
4) Difficulty in swallowing
5) Fever
6) Enlarged, tender glands in the neck
7) A scratchy, muffled or throaty voice
8) Bad breath
9) Stomachache, especially in younger children
10) Stiff neck
11) Headache

In young children who are unable to explain how they feel, symptoms of tonsillitis may contain:

1) Drooling due to severe or painful swallowing
2) Refusal to eat
3) Unusual fussiness

Tonsillitis Causes

Tonsillitis is most often caused by common viruses, but bacterial infections can also be the cause of tonsillitis. The most common bacterium causing tonsillitis is Streptococcus pyogenes, the bacterium that causes strep throat. Other strains of strep and other bacteria also may cause of tonsillitis.

Complications of Tonsillitis

Inflammation or swelling of the tonsils from frequent or ongoing tonsillitis complications like:

1) Difficulty in breathing
2) Disrupted breathing during sleep
3) Infection that expands deep into surrounding tissue
4) Infection that results in a collection of pus behind a tonsil

Tonsillitis Diagnosis

The child’s doctor will begin with a physical test for the diagnosis of tonsillitis that will contain:

1) Using a lighted instrument to look at the child’s throat and likely his or her ears and nose, which may also be places of infection
2) Checking for a rash called scarlatina, which is related to some cases of strep throat
3) Gently feeling the child’s neck to identify for swollen lymph nodes 
4) Listening to his or her breathing with a stethoscope
5) Checking for enlargement of the spleen

a) Throat Swab
b) Complete Blood Cell Count

Treatment of Tonsillitis

Whether tonsillitis is caused by a viral or bacterial infection, at-home care strategies can make the child more comfortable and develop better recovery. If a virus is the expected cause of tonsillitis, these strategies are the only treatment of tonsillitis. The doctor would not suggest antibiotics. The child will likely be better within seven to ten days.

1) Antibiotics: If tonsillitis is created by a bacterial infection, the doctor will suggest a course of antibiotics.
The child must take the full course of antibiotics as suggested, even if the symptoms disappear entirely. Failure to take all of the medicines as directed may result in the infection worsening or expanding to other areas of the body. Not fulfilling the entire course of antibiotics can, in particular, accelerate the child’s risk of rheumatic fever and severe kidney inflammation. Consult the doctor or pharmacist about what to do if you forget to give the child a dose.
2) Surgery

Tonsillitis Prevention

The germs that create viral and bacterial tonsillitis are contagious. Therefore, the best prevention of tonsillitis is to maintain proper hygiene. Teach your child to:

1) Wash his or her hands thoroughly and frequently, particularly after using the toilet and before eating
2) Do not share food, drinking glasses, water bottles or utensils
3) Replace his or her toothbrush after diagnosis of tonsillitis

To assist the child for the prevention of tonsillitis or viral infection to others:

1) Keep the child at home when he or she is ill
2) Consult the doctor when it is all right for the child to come back to school
3) Teach the child to cough or sneeze into a tissue or, when necessary, into his or her elbow
4) Teach the child to clean his or her hands after sneezing or coughing

Updated: January 16, 2020 — 3:14 pm

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