The environment holds all living spices, Climate, weather, and natural resources that help us to live. Human survival and all the economic activities are possible by the presence of a favorable environment. We have some liability to our background also – Is it True? This is out a true statement.
Ten Worst Man-Made Environmental Disaster
But our environment faces all sorts of attacks either it naturally such as flood, earthquake, and tsunami or it artificial or man-made such as wars, explosion, terrorism chemical spills, etc. Our article depicts the Ten Most Devastating Man-Made Environmental Disasters that are going to be illustrated through the following paragraphs…
Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atom Bomb Disaster, Japan
This was the most destructive foreign attack on Japan during World War II (1939 – 1945) by Atom Bomb. During Wartime, the United States and its allies had been at war with Japan. On 6th August 1945, at 9:15 AM local time of Tokyo, the partners of the USA dropped a uranium atomic bomb with a code name “Little Boy” on the seventh largest city of Japan Hiroshima. Within a minute, the town becomes half in respect to its original size. As per the US report, 60,000 to 70,000 people were killed instantly. 140,000 were injured; many more were made homeless as a result of the bomb. Deadly radiation reached over 100,000. In the blast, thousands died instantly.
Just after three days, that means 09th August 1945, another uranium atomic bomb with a code name “Fat Man” was dropped on Nagasaki at 11:02 AM. Instantly the trees were uprooted and took the lives of 42,000 people and injured more than 40,000 people. Highly penetrating radiation from the nuclear explosion had a massive casualty effect until now.
Bhopal Gas Tragedy, India
On the night of December 2, 1984, the Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, began to leak methyl isocyanate gas and other poisonous toxins into the atmosphere. Around 50,000 people treated for illnesses related to the leak, including blindness and liver and kidney failure. The report says that 20,000 deaths since the hole can be attributed directly to the chemical accident. People woke up and ran outside, desperately gasping for breath only to take in more of the deadly gas. Many died in their sleeping conditions while others went blind. Over time, many people suffered from post-trauma diseases, malfunctioning of liver and kidney, while others continue to suffer even today.
Seveso Disaster, Italy
The Seveso disaster was an industrial accident that occurred around 12:37 PM on July 10, 1976, in a small chemical manufacturing plant nearly 20 Kms North of Milan in the Lombardy region of Italy. Dioxin was the most harmful component that took away the lives of more than 600 people, and several thousand were treated for dioxin poisoning, evidenced mainly by severe cases of chloracne. Today Sevesco terms used routinely in the European Chemical Industry. It provides the proper guidance on how to handle, store hazardous materials so than the community surrounding the plant to prevent major accidents.
Chernobyl Disaster, Ukraine
On April 26, 1986, a sudden surge of power during a reactor systems test destroyed Unit 4 of the nuclear power station at Chernobyl, Ukraine, part of the former Soviet Union. The accident and the fire that followed released massive amounts of radioactive material into the environment. After the crash, officials closed off 30 Kms surrounded the area of the plant. Business-related official persons and those people evaluating and dealing with the consequences are only allowed to enter. The Soviet (and later on, Russian) Government reported that about 115,000 people from the most heavily contaminated bt this disaster in 1986 and another 220,000 people in subsequent years.
Mississippi Dead Zone (Ecological Disaster), Mexico
It was a great shock when a U.C. Santa Barbara study revealed that the Mississippi delta is the world’s dirtiest coastal ecosystem, worse than the Ganges or Mekong. The Dead Zone is an area in the Gulf of Mexico where life cannot exist because there is too little oxygen in the water. Annually the Mississippi River collects roughly ten thousand pounds of fertilizer and raw sewage pollution from 31 states and some of Canada. The nitrogen and phosphorus loaded water feed massive algal blooms that consume the oxygen available in the water.
Pacific Gyre Garbage Patch (Ecological Disaster)
Pacific Gyre Garbage Patch situated in the Central North Pacific Ocean has been discovered between 1985 and 1988. Pacific Gyre Garbage Patch is also known as Pacific trash vortex, it contains Large items – like toothbrushes, bottles, and cigarette lighters – which have not degraded can potentially be filtered, although the sheer volume of the patch makes this economically dreadful. The lesson of the Pacific Gyre Garbage Patch: Out of sight is not out of our mind. Actions on any part of our planet may affect every other part of the universe.
The Three Mile Island Nuclear Explosion
The Three Mile Island power station is near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in the USA. It had two pressurized water reactors. The accident to unit 2 happened at 4 am on 28 March 1979 when the reactor was operating at 97% power. This accident became the rallying call for fears about the nuclear power industry. Livestock deaths, premature deaths, and defective birth have been attributed to society for an extended period after the disaster.
Love Canal Tragedy (Ecological Disaster), New York
The name Love Canal derives from the abandoned canal, which developer William Love anticipated as a source of hydroelectric power in the late 19th century but never brought to fruition. Love Canal carries over 21,000 tons of waste – burbled beneath a housing project in Niagara Falls, New York. The tragedy started when the city bought the land from Hooker Chemical for the grand sum of $1, ignoring warnings and damaged the thick clay cap sealing the waste dump while developing the land for urban expansion. Federal Disaster Area due to man-made causes, and as the event that started the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund program for identifying and cleaning up industrial waste sites. In the 1940s, a strange smell enveloped the area around the Love Canal near Niagara Falls. Residents also began to notice an odd seepage leaking into their yards, and people began to fall ill.
The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (Ecological Disaster)
On 24th March 1989, The tanker Exxon Valdez, captained by the now infamous Joseph Hazelwood, ran aground in Prince William Sound’s Bligh Reef, spilling more than 10.8 million US gallons (40.9 million liters) of crude oil into the sensitive natural coastline. Over a quarter-million birds were killed and countless other wildlife. Over 11,000 people aided in the cleanup process.
The Kuwait Oil Fires
The Gulf War oil spill is the most massive in history, making it one of the 10 worst man-made disasters of all time. In 1991, following the invasion of Kuwait, Hussein sent men in to blow up the Kuwait oil wells. The fires were started in January and February 1991, and the first well fires were extinguished in early April 1991, with the last well capped on November 6, 1991.