Study about Sunburn Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Sunburn red, painful skin that feels hot to the touch typically arises within a few hours after excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from sunshine or artificial sources, like sunlamps. Intense, frequent sun exposure that outcomes in sunburn enhance the chance of other skin damage and specific diseases. These involve dry or wrinkled skin, dark spots, rough spots, and skin cancer, like melanoma. You can typically search for sunburn relief with simple home remedies. Sunburn may take many days or longer to fade.
You can prevent sunburn and related situations by protecting the skin. This is particularly significant when you are outdoors, even on cold or cloudy days.

Symptoms of Sunburn Disease

Sunburn symptoms include:

1) Pinkness or redness
2) Skin that feels warm or hot to the touch
3) Pain, tenderness, and itching
4) Swelling
5) Small fluid-filled blisters, which may break
6) Headache, fever, nausea and fatigue discomfort if the sunburn is serious

Any exposed part of the body, including the earlobes, scalp, and lips can burn. Even covered areas can burn if, for an instant, your clothing has a loose weave that permits ultraviolet (UV) light through. Your eyes, which are extremely sensitive to UV light of the sun, also can burn. Sunburned eyes may experience pain or gritty.
Signs and symptoms of sunburn typically arise within a few hours after sun exposure. But it may take a day or longer to know the full extent of the sunburn. Within some days, the body may begin to heal itself by “peeling” the top layer of damaged skin. After peeling, the skin may temporarily have a random color and pattern. A bad sunburn may take many days or longer to heal.

Sunburn Causes

Sunburn caused by exposure to excessive ultraviolet (UV) light. The UV radiation is a wavelength of sunlight in a range too short for the human eye to see. Ultraviolet A (UVA) is the type of solar radiation most related to skin aging. Ultraviolet B (UVB) is linked to sunburn causes. Exposure to both types of radiation is relevant to promoting skin cancer. Sunlamps and tanning beds also generate UV light and can cause sunburn.
Melanin is the dark pigment in the outer layer of skin that gives the skin its standard color. When you are exposed to UV light, the body protects itself by enhancing the production of melanin. The extra melanin makes the darker color of a tan.
A suntan is the body’s way of blocking the UV rays to prevent sunburn and other skin injuries. But the protection only goes so far. The amount of melanin you generate is determined genetically. Many people simply do not make sufficient melanin to protect the skin well. Ultimately, UV light causes sunburn, the skin to burn, bringing pain, redness, and swelling. You can get sunburn on cold, hazy, or cloudy days. As much as 80 percent of UV rays go through clouds. Snow, sand, water, and other surfaces can reflect UV rays, burning the skin as seriously as direct sunlight.

Complications of Sunburn

Intense, repeated sun exposure that results in sunburn accelerates the chance of other skin damage and specific diseases. These involve premature aging of the skin and skin cancer. These are the complications of Sunburn

1) Premature aging of the skin
2) Precancerous skin lesions
3) Skin cancer
4) Eye damage

Sunburn Diagnosis

The doctor is likely to arrange a physical test and ask questions about the symptoms, UV exposure, and sunburn history for the diagnosis of sunburn.
If you notice a sunburn or skin reaction after relatively minor exposures to sunlight, the doctor may suggest protesting. During protesting, small areas of the skin are exposed to measured amounts of UVA and UVB light to try to regenerate the problem. If the skin reacts to the UV radiation, you are considered sensitive to sunlight for the diagnosis of sunburn

Treatment of Sunburn

If you have been sunburned, it may take two days for the severity of your burn to become evident, and many more days for the skin to start to heal. Sunburn treatment does not improve the skin, but it can provide relief by minimizing pain, swelling, and discomfort. If at-home care does not assist or the sunburn is severe, the doctor may provide additional treatments of sunburn relief.

Updated: January 13, 2020 — 5:26 pm

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