A sore throat is a pain, scratchiness, or irritation of the throat that sometimes worsens when you swallow. The most widespread cause of a sore throat or pharyngitis disease is a viral infection, like a cold or the flu. A sore throat created by a virus resolves on its own. Strep throat or streptococcal infection, a less prevalent type of sore throat produced by bacteria, needs treatment with antibiotics to prevent complications of sore throat. Other less frequent causes of the sore throat might need more painful treatment.
Symptoms of Sore Throat
Symptoms of a sore throat can differ depending on the cause. Signs and symptoms might contain:
1) Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat
2) Pain that worsens with swallowing or talking
3) Difficulty in swallowing
4) Sore, swollen glands in the neck or jaw
5) Swollen, red tonsils
6) White patches or pus on the tonsils
7) A hoarse or muffled voice
Infections might result in other signs and symptoms of sore throat, including:
3) Runny nose
5) Body aches
7) Nausea or vomiting
Sore Throat Causes
Viruses that make the common cold and the flu also cause sore throats. Sometimes, bacterial infections make sore throats.
1) Viral Infections: Viral infections that cause sore throat are given
2) Bacterial Infections: Many bacterial infections can cause a sore throat. The most widespread is Streptococcus pyogenes, which makes strep throat.
3) Other Cause: The other causes of sore throat are given below
d) Muscle strain
g) HIV/AIDS disease
Diagnosis of Sore Throat
Your or your child’s doctor will begin with a physical test for the diagnosis of sore throat involve:
1) Using a lighted instrument to watch the throat, and likely the ears and nasal passages
2) Gently feeling the neck to identify for swollen glands
3) Listening to your or your child’s breathing with a stethoscope
4) Throat Swab
Sore Throat Treatment
A sore throat created by a viral infection typically continues five to seven days and does not need medical treatment of sore throat. Consider giving the child over-the-counter pain medicines designed for infants or children. Never give pain relief tablets to children or teenagers because it has been linked to Reye’s syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal situation that makes swelling in the liver and brain.
1) Treating bacterial infections: If you or your child’s sore throat is created by a bacterial infection, the doctor or pediatrician will prescribe antibiotics. You or your child must take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed even if the symptoms go away. Failure to take all of the medicines as directed can result in the infection worsening or expanding to other areas of the body. Not fulfilling the entire course of antibiotics to treat strep throat can enhance a child’s risk of rheumatic fever or severe kidney inflammation. Consult the doctor or pharmacist about what to do if you forget a dose.
2) Other treatments: If a sore throat is a symptom of a situation other than a viral or bacterial infection, other treatments will likely be considered based on the diagnosis.
Prevention of Sore Throat
The proper way to prevent sore throats is to avoid the germs that make them and practice good hygiene. Follow these tips and teach the child to do the same as given below
1) Clean your hands: Clean your hands thoroughly and rapidly, particularly after using the toilet, before eating, and after sneezing or coughing.
2) Do not share your personal things: Avoid to share food, drinking glass or utensils
3) Cough or sneeze: into a tissue and throw it far away. When necessary, sneeze into the elbow.
4) Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer: as a substitute for cleaning hands when soap and water are not available.
5) Avoid touching: public phones or drinking fountains with the mouth.
6) Do not do close contact with sick people: Avoid to contact with sick people