Sjogren’s syndrome is a sickness of the immune system identified by its two most popular symptoms, dry eyes, and a dry mouth. The situation sometimes accompanies other immune system diseases, like Rheumatoid arthritis and lupus disease. In Sjogren’s syndrome, the mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands of the eyes and mouth are typically influenced first, resulting in reduced tears and saliva. Although you can promote Sjogren’s syndrome at any age, most people are older than 40 at the time of diagnosis of Sjogren’s syndrome. The situation is much more widespread in women. Treatment of Sjogren’s syndrome aims at relieving symptoms.
Symptoms of Sjogren’s Syndrome
The two significant symptoms of Sjogren’s syndrome are:
1) Dry eyes: The eyes might burn, itch, or feel gritty as if there is sand in them.
2) Dry mouth: The mouth might feel like it is full of cotton, making it tough to swallow or speak.
Some people with Sjogren’s syndrome symptoms also have one or more of the following:
1) Joint pain, swelling, and stiffness
2) Swollen salivary glands correctly the set positioned behind the jaw and in front of the ears
3) Skin rashes or dry skin
4) Vaginal dryness
5) Persistent dry cough
6) Prolonged fatigue discomfort
Sjogren’s Syndrome Causes
Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune sickness. The immune system mistakenly targets the own cells and tissues of the body. Scientists are not sure why some people develop Sjogren’s syndrome causes. Particular genes place people at a higher chance of the disorder. Still, it comes that a stimulating mechanism like infection with a specific virus or strain of bacteria is also necessary. In Sjogren’s syndrome cause, the immune system first hits the glands that prepare tears and saliva. But it can also injure other areas of the body, like:
2) Thyroid problem
Complications of Sjogren’s Syndrome
The most prevalent complications of Sjogren’s syndrome include the eyes and mouth
1) Dental cavities: Because saliva assists in protecting the teeth from the bacteria that make cavities, you are more prone to promoting cavities if the mouth is dry.
2) Yeast infections: People with Sjogren’s syndrome are much more likely to help oral thrush, which is a yeast infection in the mouth.
3) Vision problem: Dry eyes can generate light sensitivity, blurred vision, and corneal injury.
4) Lungs, Kidneys, Liver problems: Inflammation can make pneumonia disease, bronchitis, or other complications in the lungs; lead to problems with kidney function, and create hepatitis disease and liver cirrhosis disorder.
5) Lymph nodes: A small percentage of people with Sjogren’s syndrome develop lymphoma cancer.
6) Nerves: You might develop numbness, tingling, and burning in the hands and feet called Peripheral neuropathy disease.
Sjogren’s Syndrome Diagnosis
Sjogren’s syndrome diagnosis can be severe because the signs and symptoms differ from person to person and can be similar to those caused by other diseases. Side effects of many medicines also mimic some signs and symptoms of Sjogren’s syndrome. Tests can help to figure out other conditions and help pinpoint a diagnosis of Sjogren’s syndrome.
1) Blood examine
2) Eye test: The doctor can assess the dryness of the eyes with a test called a Schirmer tear test. A small piece of filter paper is put under the lower eyelid to determine tear production.
A doctor specializing in the treatment of eye disorders might also test the surface of the eyes with a magnifying device known as a slit lamp. He or she may put drops in the eye that make it easier to notice injury to the cornea.
3) Imaging test
4) Biopsy test: The doctor might also perform a lip biopsy to identify the presence of clusters of inflammatory cells, which can indicate Sjogren’s syndrome. For this test, a sliver of tissue is taken from salivary glands in the lip and examined under a microscope.
Treatment of Sjogren’s Syndrome
Treatment for Sjogren’s syndrome depends on the areas of the body affected. Many people control the dry eye and dry mouth of Sjogren’s syndrome by using over-the-counter eye drops and sipping water more rapidly. But some people require prescription medicines or even surgical processes for the treatment of Sjogren’s syndrome.
1) Medicinal Treatment
2) Surgery Procedure