Detail knowledge of Rheumatoid Arthritis – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that can hamper more than just your joints. In some people, the condition can injure a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels.
An autoimmune disease, rheumatoid arthritis happens when your immune system mistakenly hits your own tissues of the body
The inflammation related to rheumatoid arthritis is what can injure other parts of the body as well. While new types of medications have developed treatment options dramatically, chronic rheumatoid arthritis can still cause physical disabilities.

What are the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis?

The signs and symptoms of this disease are

1) Tender, warm, swollen joints
2) Joint stiffness usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity
3) Fatigue, Fever, and loss of appetite

Previous rheumatoid arthritis tends to hit your smaller joints first — especially the joints that connect your fingers to your hands and your toes to your feet. As the disease improves, symptoms often spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips, and shoulders. In most cases, symptoms happen in the same joints on both sides of your body. About 40 percent of the people who have been suffering from rheumatoid arthritis also feel signs and symptoms that don’t attach the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect many nonjoint structures, including:

1) Skin
2) Eyes
3) Lungs
4) Heart
5) Kidneys
6) Salivary glands
7) Nerve tissue
8) Bone marrow
9) Blood vessels

When you should go to the doctor? 

Consult for an appointment with a doctor if you feel discomfort and swelling your joints

What are the causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis arises when your immune system targets the synovium — the lining of the membranes that surround your joints.
The resulting inflammation thickens the synovium, which can eventually demolish the cartilage and bone within the joint.
Doctors don’t have knowledge of what begins this process, although a genetic factor comes likely. While your genes don’t actually cause rheumatoid arthritis, they can make you more favorable to environmental factors — such as infection with certain viruses and bacteria — that may hit the disease.

What are the risk factors associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis?

1) Women are more affected than men to promote rheumatoid arthritis.
2) Age: Rheumatoid arthritis can appear at any age, but it most commonly starts in middle age.
3) Family history: If a member of your family has been suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, you may have a definite risk of the disease.
4) Smoking: Cigarette smoking enhancing your chance of promoting rheumatoid arthritis, specifically if you have a genetic predisposition for developing the disease. Tobacco also comes to be related to higher disease severity.
5) Environmental exposures: Although poorly understood, some exposures such as asbestos or silica may enhance the risk of promoting rheumatoid arthritis. Emergency workers exposed to dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center are at higher risk of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
6) Obesity: People — especially women age group of 55 and below — who are overweight or obese come to be a somewhat more significant risk of promoting rheumatoid arthritis

What are the complications generally seen in Rheumatoid Arthritis?

1) Osteoporosis
2) Rheumatoid nodules
3) Dry eyes and mouth
4) Infections
5) Abnormal body composition
6) Carpal tunnel syndrome
7) Heart problems
8) Lung disease
9) Lymphoma

What are the diagnosis procedures of Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis can be challenging to detect in their primary stages because the first signs and symptoms are very similar to those of many other diseases. There is no one blood test or physical test to confirm the diagnosis.
During the physical exam, your doctor will identify your joints for swelling, redness, and warmth. He or she may also test your reflexes and muscle strength.

What are the treatments of Rheumatoid Arthritis?

There is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis. But clinical studies indicate that remission of symptoms is more likely when treated starts early with medications known as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

1) Medications
2) Therapy
3) Surgery

What should be your lifestyle and home remedies?

1) Exercise regularly: Gentle exercise can help to strengthen the muscles around your joints, and it can help to survive fatigue you might experience. Consult with your doctor before you begin exercising. If you’re just getting started, start by taking a walk. Avoid using tender, damaged, or severely inflamed joints.
2) Apply heat or cold: Heat can help to relieve your pain and relax tense, painful muscles. Cold may indulge in the sensation of pain. Cold also has a numbing effect and can decrease swelling.
3) Relax: Find alternatives to cope with anxiety by suppressing stress in your life. Techniques such as guided imagery, deep breathing, and muscle relaxation can all are used to reduce pain.

Updated: November 21, 2019 — 12:01 pm

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