Reactive arthritis is joint pain and swelling stimulated by an infection in another area of the body, most often the intestines, genitals, or urinary tract. Reactive arthritis generally targets the knees and the joints of the ankles and feet. Inflammation also can influence the eyes, skin, and urethra. Previously, reactive arthritis was often known as Reiter’s syndrome, which was characterized by eye, urethra, and joint inflammation. Reactive arthritis is not prevalent. For most people, signs, and symptoms appear and disappear, ultimately disappearing within 12 months.
Symptoms of Reactive Arthritis
The signs and symptoms of reactive arthritis usually begin one to four weeks after exposure to a triggering infection. They might include:
1) Pain and Stiffness: The joint pain related to reactive arthritis most commonly happens in the knees, ankles, and feet. You also might have pain in the heels, low back, or buttocks.
2) Eye inflammation: Many people who have reactive arthritis also promote conjunctivitis problem
3) Urinary Problems: Increased frequency and discomfort during urination may happen, as an inflammation of the prostate gland or cervix.
4) Enthesitis: This might involve muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
5) Swollen toes or fingers: In some cases, the toes or fingers might become so swollen that they resemble sausages.
6) Skin problems: Reactive arthritis can influence the skin in a variety of ways, including a rash on the soles and palms and mouth sores.
7) Low back pain: The pain tends to be worsed at night or in the morning.
Reactive Arthritis Causes
Reactive arthritis causes promote in reaction to an infection in the body, sometimes in the intestines, genitals, or urinary tract. You might not be conscious of the triggering disease if it makes nominal symptoms or none at all. Numerous bacteria can cause reactive arthritis. Some are transferred sexually, and others are foodborne. The most popular ones include:
6) Clostridium difficile
Reactive arthritis causes are not contagious. However, the bacteria that create it can be transferred sexually or in contaminated food. Only a few of the people who are exposed to these bacteria promote reactive arthritis.
Diagnosis of Reactive Arthritis
During the physical test, the doctor is likely to identify the joints for signs and symptoms of inflammation, like swelling, warmth, and tenderness, and test range of motion in the spine, and affected joints are the diagnosis of Reactive Arthritis. The doctor might also identify the eyes for inflammation and the skin for rashes.
1) Blood test
2) Joint fluid teat
3) Imaging test
Treatment of Reactive Arthritis
The goal of treatment of Reactive Arthritis is to control the symptoms and treat an infection that could still be present.
1) Medicines: If the reactive arthritis was stimulated by a bacterial infection, the doctor might prescribe an antibiotic if there is proof of persistent infection.
2) Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can offer you with targeted exercises for the joints and muscles. Strengthening exercises promote the muscles around the affected joints, which accelerate the joint’s support. Range-of-motion activities can grow the joints’ flexibility and minimize stiffness.
Reactive Arthritis Prevention
Genetic factors come to play a role in whether you are likely to promote reactive arthritis. Though you can not change the genetic makeup, you can minimize the exposure to the bacteria that may generate reactive arthritis. Make sure the food is stored at proper temperatures and is cooked in an appropriate way to help you avoid the many foodborne bacteria that can prevent reactive arthritis, including salmonella, shigella, yersinia, and campylobacter. Some sexually transmitted infections can stimulate reactive arthritis. Using condoms might lower the chance of reactive arthritis prevention.