Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that attacks some people who have been suffering psoriasis — a condition that spotted red patches on skin topped with silvery scales. Most of the people develop psoriasis initially and are later diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis, but the joint problems can sometimes start before skin patches come.
Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling can be the main signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis. They can hit any part of your body, including your fingertips and spine, and can spread from relatively mild to severe. No cure for psoriatic arthritis exists, so the focus is to control symptoms and prevent damage to your joints. Without any treatment, psoriatic arthritis might be disabled.
What are the symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis?
Both psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis are chronic diseases that deteriorate from time to time. Still, you would have periods when your symptoms improve or go down into remission reversing with times when symptoms become worst.
Psoriatic arthritis can target joints on just one side or on both sides of your body. The signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis often revive those of rheumatoid arthritis. Both diseases make joints painful, swollen, and warm to the touch. Other symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis are:
1) Swollen fingers and toes: Psoriatic arthritis can make painful, sausage-like swelling of your fingers and toes. You may also promote swelling and deformities in your hands and feet before having critical joint symptoms.
2) Foot pain: Psoriatic arthritis can also develop pain at the points where tendons and ligaments attach to your bones — particularly at the backside of your heel or in the sole of your foot.
3) Lower back pain: Some people create a situation called spondylitis as a result of psoriatic arthritis. Spondylitis mainly happens inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae of your spine and in the joints between your spine and pelvis.
When you need to see a doctor?
If you have psoriasis, be sure to say your doctor if you suffer joint pain. Psoriatic arthritis can severely damage your joints if untreated long time.
What are the causes of Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis develops when the immune system your body starts to attack healthy cells and tissue. The abnormal immune response makes inflammation in your joints as well as overproduction of skin cells.
It is not undoubtedly clear why the immune system attacks healthy tissue, but it is seen that both genetic and environmental factors play an essential role in this issue. Many people with psoriatic arthritis have a family background of either psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis. Researchers have discovered specific genes symptoms that come to be associated with psoriatic arthritis.
Physical trauma or something in the environment — such as a viral or bacterial infection — may hit psoriatic arthritis in people with an inherited tendency.
What are the risk factors associated with Psoriatic arthritis?
Some factors increase the risk of Psoriatic arthritis including
1) Psoriasis: Psoriasis is the single best risk factor to develop psoriatic arthritis. People who have pitted, deformed nails are especially likely to develop psoriatic arthritis.
2) Your family history: Many people having psoriatic arthritis have a parent or a sibling with the disease.
3) Your age: Although anyone can promote psoriatic arthritis, it happens most often in adults between the ages of 30 and 50.
What are the complications associated with Psoriatic Arthritis?
A small percentage of people with psoriatic arthritis promote arthritis mutilans — a severe, painful, and disabling form of the disease. After subsequent time arthritis mutilans destroys the small bones in the hands, especially in the fingers, leading to permanent deformity and disability.
People who have psoriatic arthritis sometimes also promote eye problems such as pinkeye (conjunctivitis) or uveitis, which can make painful, reddened eyes and blurred vision. They also trigger a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
What are the different types of Psoriatic Arthritis?
1) Symmetric PsA
2) Asymmetric PsA
3) Spondylitis PsA
4) psoriatic Arthritis mutilans
What types of doctors treat Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis is usually treated by rheumatologists health specialists in diagnosing and treating arthritis and autoimmune diseases. Other doctors who might be involved for the care of patients suffering from psoriatic arthritis include dermatologists and primary care doctors, including family and general practitioners and internal medicine specialists. When surgical treatment is required for severe joint disease, orthopedic surgeons can be consulted. Other health caregivers can include occupational and physical therapists.