Pleurisy is a condition in which the pleura two large, thin layers of tissue that divide the lungs from the chest wall becomes inflamed. Also known as pleuritis, pleurisy creates sharp chest pain that worsens during breathing. One pleural layer of tissue wraps around the outside of the lungs. The other pleural layer lines the inner chest wall. Between these two layers is a small space that is typically filled with a tiny amount of liquid. Usually, these layers act like two pieces of smooth satin gliding past each other, permitting the lungs to spread and contract when you breathe. If you have pleurisy, these tissues swell and become inflamed. As a result, the two layers of the pleural membrane rub against each other like two pieces of sandpaper, generating pain when you inhale and exhale. The pleuritic pain lessens or stops when you hold the breath. Treatment of pleurisy includes pain control and treating the underlying condition.
Symptoms of Pleurisy Disease
Signs and symptoms of pleurisy might contain:
1) Chest pain that worsens when you breathe, cough or sneeze
2) Shortness of breath
Pain caused by pleurisy might worsen with movement of the upper body and can radiate to the shoulders or back. Pleurisy symptoms can be accompanied by pleural effusion, atelectasis or empyema
Pleurisy Disease Causes
A variety of underlying conditions can cause pleurisy disease. Causes include:
1) Viral infection, like as the Influenza fever
2) Bacterial infection, like as Pneumonia disease
3) Fungal infection
4) An autoimmune disorder, like Rheumatoid arthritis
5) Lung cancer near the pleural surface
6) Pulmonary embolism
7) Tuberculosis (TB) disease
8) Rib fracture or trauma
9) Certain inherited diseases, like sickle cell disease
10) Certain medicines
Call the doctor right away if you feel unexplained, intense chest pain during breathing. You might face a problem with the lungs, heart, or pleura or an underlying sickness for which you need immediate medical care.
Diagnosis of Pleurisy Disease
The doctor will begin by asking about the medical history and performing a physical test, including examining the chest with a stethoscope for the diagnosis of Pleurisy disease. To determine if you have pleurisy and detect the reason, the doctor might suggest:
1) Blood examines: A blood test might say the doctor if you have an infection. Other blood examines also might identify an autoimmune disorder, like rheumatoid arthritis, in which the first sign can be a pleurisy disease.
2) Chest X-ray: A chest X-ray can show if the lungs are fully inflating or if there is air or fluid between the lungs and ribs.
3) CT scan: A CT scan accumulates a series of X-ray images taken from different angles around the body and uses computer processing to make cross-sectional images that look like slices of the chest. These detailed images can show the situation of the pleura and if there are other reasons for pain, like a blood clot in the lung.
4) Ultrasonography: This imaging process uses high-frequency sound waves to generate precise images of structures within the body. The doctor might use ultrasound to understand whether you have a pleural effusion.
5) ECG: The doctor might suggest this heart-monitoring test to rule out specific heart problems as a reason for the chest pain. These are the diagnosis procedure of Pleurisy disease.
Pleurisy Disease Treatments
Treatment of pleurisy disease concentrates initially on the underlying reason. For an instant, if bacterial pneumonia is the cause, an antibiotic will be prescribed to control the infection. If the goal is viral, pleurisy may resolve on its own. The pain and inflammation related to pleurisy are generally treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Rarely, the doctor may prescribe steroid medication.
The output of pleurisy treatment based on the seriousness of the underlying disease. If the situation that made pleurisy is diagnosed and treated immediately, a full revival is typical.