Information about Ovarian Cysts – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries each about the size and shape like an almond on each side of the uterus. Eggs, which grow and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during the childbearing years. Many women have developed ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no uneasiness and are harmless. The majority goes away without treatment within a few months. However, ovarian cysts, particularly those that have ruptured, can create severe symptoms. To protect the health, get daily pelvic tests, and know the symptoms that can signal a potentially severe problem.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Most Ovarian cysts symptoms appear and go away on their own. However, a large ovarian cyst can contain:

1) Pelvic pain
2) Fullness or heaviness in the abdomen
3) Bloating

Ovarian Cysts Causes

Most ovarian cysts cause as an outcome of the menstrual cycle. Other types of cysts are much less prevalent.

1) Functional Cysts
2) Other Cysts

Complications of Ovarian Cysts

Some women promote less popular kinds of cysts that a doctor searches during a pelvic exam. Cystic ovarian masses that grow after menopause might be cancerous. That is why it is significant to have daily pelvic tests. Rare complications of ovarian cysts include:

1) Ovarian torsion: Cysts that enlarge can make the ovary to move, growing the risk of painful twisting of the ovary or ovarian torsion. Symptoms can include an abrupt onset of severe pelvic pain, nausea, and vomiting. Ovarian torsion can also reduce or stop blood flow to the ovaries.
2) Rupture: A cyst that ruptures can make serious pain and internal bleeding. The larger the cyst, the higher the chance of breakage. A vigorous task that influences the pelvis, like vaginal intercourse, also progresses the chance.

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cysts

Diagnosis of Ovarian cyst on the ovary can be found during a pelvic test. Based on its size and whether it is fluid-filled, reliable, or mixed, the doctor likely will suggest tests to understand its type and whether you require treatment. Possible tests involve:

1) Pregnancy test
2) Pelvic ultrasound
3) Laparoscopy
4) CA 125 blood test

Treatments of Ovarian Cysts

Treatment of Ovarian cysts based on the age, the type and size of the cyst, and the symptoms. The doctor might suggest:

1) Observing: In many cases, you can wait and be re-examined to see if the cyst disappears within a few months. This is typically an option regardless of the age if you have no symptoms and an ultrasound shows you have a simple, small, fluid-filled cyst. The doctor will likely suggest that you get follow-up pelvic ultrasounds at intervals to observe if the cyst changes in size.
2) Medicines: The doctor might suggest hormonal contraceptives, like birth control pills, to keep ovarian cysts from recurring. However, birth control pills would not shrink an existing cyst.
3) Surgery: The doctor might recommend removing a large cyst, does not look like a functional cyst, is increasing, continues through two or three menstrual cycles, or creates pain.
Some cysts can be eradicated without removing the ovary. In some cases, the doctor might recommend omitting the affected ovary and leaving the other intact.
If a cystic mass is cancerous, the doctor will likely refer you to a gynecologic cancer specialist. You might require to have the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes removed and possibly chemotherapy or radiation. The doctor is also likely to suggest surgery when an ovarian cyst develops after menopause.

Prevention of Ovarian Cysts

Although there is no way for the prevention of ovarian cysts, daily pelvic examinations help to confirm that changes in the ovaries are diagnosed as soon as possible. Be alert to changes in the monthly cycle, involving unusual menstrual symptoms, particularly ones that persist for more than a few periods. Consult the doctor about changes that concern you are the prevention of Ovarian Cysts.

Updated: January 3, 2020 — 5:45 pm

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