Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that starts in the cells that make bones. Osteosarcoma is most often found in the long bones, more often the legs, but frequently the arms, but osteosarcoma can begin in any bone. In rare instances, osteosarcoma happens in soft tissue outside the bone. Osteosarcoma tends to happen in teenagers and young adults, but osteosarcoma can also happen in younger children and older adults. Treatment generally includes chemotherapy, surgery, and, often, radiation therapy. Doctors choose treatment options based on where the osteosarcoma begins, the size of cancer, the type and grade of the osteosarcoma, and whether cancer has expanded beyond the bone. Treatment innovations for osteosarcoma have significantly developed the outlook for osteosarcoma cancer over the years. After completion of treatment, lifelong monitoring is suggested to observe for potential late effects of intense treatments.
Symptoms of Osteosarcoma Cancer
Signs and symptoms of osteosarcoma may involve, among others:
1) Swelling near a bone
2) Bone or joint pain
3) Bone injury or bone break for no apparent reason
These are the crucial osteosarcoma symptoms usually occur
It is not clear what causes osteosarcoma cancer. Doctors know this cancer forms when something goes wrong in one of the cells that are dutiful for creating new bone.
Osteosarcoma starts when a healthy bone cell develops changes in its DNA. A cell’s DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes say the cell to begin making new bone when it is not required. The result is a tumor of poorly formed bone cells that can invade and kill healthy body tissue. Cells can break away and expand throughout the body. This is the Osteosarcoma cancer cause.
Complications of Osteosarcoma Cancer
Complications of osteosarcoma cancer contain:
1) Metastasizes: Osteosarcoma can expand from where it began to other regions, making treatment and recovery more complex. Osteosarcoma expands the rarest spreads to the lungs and to other bones in the body.
2) Adapting to limb amputation: Surgery that eliminates the tumor and spares the limb is applied whenever possible. But often, it is necessary to eliminate part of the affected leg to eradicate all of cancer. Learning to use an artificial limb will take time, practice, and patience. Experts can assist you in adapting.
3) Side effects of long term treatment: The aggressive chemotherapy required to control osteosarcoma can make substantial side effects, both in the short and long term. The health care team can help you to manage the side effects that occur during treatment and offer you with a list of side effects to look for in the years after treatment.
Diagnosis of Osteosarcoma Cancer
For the diagnosis of osteosarcoma, the doctor may start with a physical test for a better understanding of the symptoms.
1) Imaging test: Imaging tests help the doctor to investigate the bone symptoms, watch cancer, and look for signs that cancer has expanded. Imaging tests may involve:
2) Computerized tomography (CT)
3) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
4) Positron emission tomography (PET)
5) Bone scan
2) Biopsy: A biopsy process is used to collect a sample of suspicious cells for laboratory testing. Tests can show if the cells are cancerous. Lab tests can understand the type of cancer and whether it is aggressive. Understanding the type of biopsy required and the specifics of how it should be done needs careful planning by the medical team. Doctors need to perform the biopsy in a way that would not interfere with future surgery to eliminate cancer. For this reason, consult the doctor for a referral to a team of experts with extensive experience in treating osteosarcoma before the biopsy.
Osteosarcoma Cancer Treatments
Osteosarcoma treatment includes surgery and chemotherapy, typically. Radiation therapy might be a choice in particular situations.
3) Radiation Therapy
4) Supporting treatment