Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, affecting millions of people around the world. It arises when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of your bones wears down in subsequent time.
Although osteoarthritis can injure any joint, the disorder most commonly hit joints in your hands, knees, hips, and spine.
Osteoarthritis symptoms can generally be overcome, although the injury to joints can’t be reversed. Keeping active, maintaining a proper weight, and some treatments might reduce the progression of the disease and help to develop pain and joint function.
What are the symptoms that usually occur in Osteoarthritis?
The symptoms of Osteoarthritis are gradually increased and worsen over time. Signs and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis include
1) Pain: Affected joints might hurt during or after the movement of somewhere
2) Stiffness: Joint stiffness may be the most significant upon awakening or after being inactive
3) Tenderness: Your joint might experience tendron when you put light pressure to or near it.
4) Loss of flexibility: You may not be able to proceed with your joint through its full range of progress.
5) Grating sensation: You may experience a grating sensation when you move the joint, and you might hear popping or crackling.
6) Bone spurs: These extra bits of bone, which seem like hard lumps, can make around the affected joint.
7) Swelling: This is caused by soft tissue inflammation around the joint
What are the causes of Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis arises when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints gradually reduces. Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that actives nearly frictionless joint movement. Eventually, if the cartilage damages completely, the bone will rub on bone
Osteoarthritis has sometimes been known as a “wear and tear” disease. But besides the breakdown of cartilage, osteoarthritis hits the entire joint. It makes changes in the bone and deterioration of the linked issues that keep the joint together and connect muscle to bone. It also causes inflammation of the joint lining.
What are the complications associated with Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that makes worsens over time, sometimes resulting in chronic pain. Joint pain and stiffness can become constant enough to make regular tasks difficult.
Depression and sleep disturbances can cause the pain and disability of osteoarthritis.
What is the diagnosis procedure of Osteoarthritis?
Through the physical exam, your doctor will monitor your affected joints for tenderness, swelling, redness, and flexibility
1) Imaging tests
2) Lab tests
What is the treatment of Osteoarthritis?
3) Surgical and other procedures
What are the risk factors associated with Osteoarthritis?
There are several factors associated with Osteoarthritis
1) Due to old age, the risk of osteoarthritis enhances
2) Sex: Women are more affected than men in osteoarthritis. But it is not clear why
3) Obesity: Carrying extra body weight indicates to osteoarthritis in different ways, and the more you weigh, the higher your risk. Progressive weight adds stress to weight-bearing joints, like your hips and knees. Also, fat tissue produces proteins that can make harmful inflammation in and around your joints.
4) Joint injuries: Injuries, like those that happen when playing sports or from an accident, can enhance the risk of osteoarthritis. Even wounds that occurred many years ago and seemingly healed can also improve your chance of osteoarthritis.
5) Repeated stress on the joint: If your job or a sport, you play place constant pressure on a joint, that joint might eventually promote osteoarthritis.
6) Genetics: Some people inherit a habit to improve osteoarthritis.
7) Bone deformities: Some people are born with malfunction joints or dispute cartilage.
8) Certain metabolic diseases: These include diabetes and a situation in which your body has excessive iron (hemochromatosis).
What should be your lifestyle and home remedies?
Learn all you can about your situation and how to overcome it, particularly about how lifestyle changes can hit your symptoms. Exercising and losing weight if you’re overweight are significant ways to lessen the joint pain and stiffness of osteoarthritis.
1) Exercise: Low-impact exercise can enhance your endurance and strengthen the muscles around your joint to make your bone more stable. Try walking, bicycling, or water aerobics. If you experience new joint pain, stop.
New pain that lasts for hours after you exercise probably means you’ve overdone it, not that you’ve made injure or that you must stop using. Try again a day or two days later at a lower level of intensity.
2) Lose weight: Carrying extra weight enhances the stress on your weight-bearing joints, like your knees and your hips. Even minor weight loss can relieve some pressure and decrease your pain. Consult a dietitian about healthy ways to lose weight.
There are some other things you can try to relieve from Osteoarthritis. They are
1) Movement Therapies
2) Heat and Cold
4) Braces or shoe inserts
5) Assistive devices
6) Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)