Psoriasis is a skin disease that affects about 7 million Americans. It appears in various forms, but plaque psoriasis is the most common type. Plaques raise by red patches covered with a whitish buildup of dead skin cells called scale. They generally show up on your elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back, but you can find them anywhere. Plaques often itch or hurt.
Doctors aren’t sure why people get plaque psoriasis. It’s considered an autoimmune disease. That means your immune system attacks healthy cells and fights infection. This makes new skin cells grow faster than usual, and they build up thick patches. Whether you get plaque psoriasis based on your genes and your health history. Psoriasis is not contagious. It does not spread by touching or other close contacts.
What is the diagnosis procedure for Plaque Psoriasis?
A dermatologist (skin specialist) can generally say if you have plaque psoriasis just by talking with you about your medical history and observing at your skin. In some cases, he may have to do a biopsy for knowing sure. He’ll take a small sample of your skin and looking at the cells under a microscope.
1) Physical Exam: It is easy for a doctor to diagnosis psoriasis at a physical level to looking externally like
e) Belly button
2) Lab Tests: The doctor may transfer the patient doing a biopsy — to remove a small piece of skin and test to ensure you don’t have a skin infection. There’s no other test for confirming or rule out psoriasis.
What is the treatment of Plaque Psoriasis?
Psoriasis can not be cured generally. You’ll probably go through cycles where the rash looking better, then flares up again. The aim of treatment is fewer, less severe flare-ups. You may get medicine putting on your skin, or you may take pills, or your doctor might recommend a combination of both. Treatment options include:
1) Topical medications: If you have only a few plaques, your doctor will possibly try to give a cream on his first prescription. You put these directly on your skin. They either help to relieve inflammation or reduce the skin cells’ growth. Examples include corticosteroids, vitamin A, vitamin D, etc
2) Light Therapy: If the rash is more spreading, your doctor might treat it with ultraviolet light. You will get relief by going out in the sun, but this can increase your risk of skin cancer. Watch how long you spend outside, and cover-up or put sunscreen on places where you don’t have plaques.
There are many treatments. Some reduce the growth of new skin cells, and others relieve from itching and dry skin. Your doctor will select a treatment strategy that is applicable for you depends on the size of your rash, where it is on your body, your age, your overall health, and other things. Common treatments include:
1) Steroid cream
2) Use of moisturizers for dry skin
3) Coal tar
4) Cream or ointment
5) Retinoid cream
Treatments of Psoriasis from moderate to severe level include
1) Light Therapy
4) An enzyme inhibitor
Is there any cure for Plaque Psoriasis?
There is no cure for Plaque Psoriasis, but treatment dramatically reduces symptoms, even in dangerous conditions. Recent studies have suggested that when you control the inflammation of psoriasis well, your risk of heart disease, stroke, metabolic syndrome, and other diseases associated with inflammation automatically will go away.
What is Plaque Psoriasis Statistics?
1) 2%-3% of people throughout the world suffer in Psoriasis
2) Around 2.2% of people in the United States affect
3) Worldwide, psoriasis is the most common disease generally seen in northern European and least common in eastern Asia.