Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, formerly called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, is the most popular type of arthritis in children under the age of sixteen. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can make persistent joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. Some children may feel symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis for only a few months, while others have symptoms for the rest of their lives. Some types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis can create severe complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, like growth problems, joint damage, and eye inflammation. Treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis aims at managing pain and inflammation, developing function, and preventing joint damage.
Symptoms of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
The most popular signs and symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis are:
1) Pain: While the child might not complain of joint pain, you may watch that he or she limps particularly first thing in the morning or after a nap.
2) Swelling: Joint swelling is common but is sometimes first noticed in larger joints like the knee.
3) Stiffness: You might observe that the child comes clumsier than usual, especially in the morning or after naps.
4) Fever, swollen lymph nodes, and rash: In some cases, high temperature, swollen lymph nodes, or a rash on the trunk may arise, which is typically worse in the evenings.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can influence one joint or many. There are many different subtypes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, but the main ones are systemic, oligoarticular, and polyarticular. Which type of child has depends on symptoms, many joints affected, and if fever and rashes are prominent features.
Like other forms of arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis symptoms are characterized by times when symptoms flare up and times when symptoms go away.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Causes
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis causes when the immune system of the body attacks its own cells and tissues. It is unknown why this occurs, but both heredity and environment seem to play a role. Specific gene mutations may create a person more susceptible to environmental factors like viruses that may stimulate the disease.
Complications of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Many serious problems can result from juvenile idiopathic arthritis complications. But keeping a careful observation on the child’s condition and seeking right medical attention can significantly minimize the chance of these complications:
1) Eye problems: Some forms can make eye inflammation. If this situation is left untreated, it may result in cataracts, glaucoma, and even blindness. Eye inflammation frequently happens without symptoms, so it is significant for children with this condition to be tested daily by an ophthalmologist.
2) Growth problems: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can bother with the child’s growth and bone development.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Diagnosis
Diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis can be difficult because joint pain can be created by many different types of problems. No single test can ensure a juvenile idiopathic arthritis diagnosis, but tests can assist in figuring out some other conditions that generate similar signs and symptoms.
1) Blood examines: In many children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, no significant abnormality is found in blood examines.
2) Imaging test: X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging may be taken to exclude other situations, like fractures, tumors, infection, or congenital defects. Imaging may also be applied from time to time after the diagnosis to check bone development and to identify joint damage.
Treatment of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis aims at helping the child maintain an average level of physical and social habits. To accomplish this, doctors may apply a combination of strategies to relieve pain and swelling, maintain full movement and strength, and prevent complications.
1) Medicines: The medicines used to assist children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis are chosen to reduce pain, develop the function and reduce potential joint damage
2) Therapies: The doctor may suggest that your child works with a physical therapist to assist keep joints flexible and maintain range of motion and muscle tone. A physical therapist or an occupational therapist may make additional suggestions regarding the best exercise and protective equipment for the child. A physical or occupational therapist may also suggest that the child make use of joint supports or splints to assist protect joints and keep them in a proper functional position.
3) Surgery: In very serious cases, surgery may be required to develop the location of a joint.