What Is Influenza Virus (Flu)?
Influenza, Commonly Known as the Flu is an Infectious disease caused by an Influenza. The most common symptoms Include include high fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, and feeling tired. Influenza Viruses spread through the air from coughs or sneezes.
Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system — your nose, throat, and lungs. But it’s not the same as stomach “flu” viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting.
What Causes The Influenza Virus?
The flu is caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs. These viruses spread when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk, sending droplets with the virus into the air and potentially into the mouths or noses of people who are nearby. You can also get flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching your own mouth, eyes, or nose.
Flu viruses travel through the air in droplets when someone with the infection coughs, sneezes, or talks. You can inhale the droplets directly, or you can pick up the germs from an object — such as a telephone or computer keyboard — and then transfer them to your eyes, nose, or mouth. Influenza viruses are constantly changing, with new strains appearing regularly.
How Flu Spreads –
Most experts think that flu viruses spread mainly by droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk.
What are the Symptoms of Influenza Virus?
Symptoms of flu with a bad cold is common.
Flu and cold symptoms may both include – a runny or blocked nose, a sore throat, a cough some symptoms of flu that are different from a heavy cold – high-temperature cold sweats and shivers, headache aching joints and limbs fatigue, feeling exhausted.
Early Symptoms of Flu – a cough, a sore throat, a fever, body aches, chills, gastrointestinal changes, Fatigue, and weakness, Nasal congestion, etc.
Influenza (flu) can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. Flu is different from a cold. Flu usually comes on suddenly.
Check with your doctor promptly if you are at high risk of serious flu complications and you get flu symptoms. People at high risk of flu complications include young children, adults 65 years of age and older, pregnant women, and people with certain medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes and heart disease.
How Influenza virus can be Prevented –
Influenza viruses are included in each year’s influenza vaccine. Getting a flu vaccine can protect against flu viruses that are the same or related to the microorganisms in the vaccine. The vaccine is not a live virus. The seasonal flu vaccine does not protect against influenza C viruses. Flu vaccines will NOT protect against infection and illness caused by other viruses that can also cause influenza-like symptoms. Many other non-flu viruses can result in influenza-like illness (ILI) that spread during the flu season.
Controlling The Spread Of Flu Infection –
The influenza vaccine isn’t 100 percent effective, so it is also important to take measures such as these to reduce the spread of infection-
>> Wash your hands. Hand-washing is an effective way to prevent many common infections. Or use alcohol-based hand sanitizers if soap and water are not readily available.
>> Contain your coughs and sneezes. Covered your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough.
>>Avoid crowds area. The flu spreads easily wherever people congregate — in School, office, public transportation.
>> avoiding crowds during peak flu season, you reduce your chances of infection.