Details about Down Syndrome – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Down syndrome is a hereditary sickness made when abnormal cell division outputs in an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. This new genetic substance makes the developmental changes and physical features of Down syndrome. Down syndrome differs in significant among individuals, creating lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays. Down syndrome is the most widespread genetic chromosomal disease and cause of learning disabilities in children. Down syndrome also popularly makes other medical abnormalities, including heart and gastrointestinal disorders. A better understanding of Down syndrome and previously interventions can significantly promote the quality of life for young and adults with this illness and assist them to live fulfilling lives.

Down Syndrome Symptoms

Each person with Down syndrome symptoms is an individual intellectual, and developmental complications may be nominal, moderate, or dangerous. Some people are healthy, while others have acute health complications like serious heart damage. Young and adults with Down syndrome symptoms have different facial characteristics. Though not all people with Down syndrome have the same components, some of the more popular features consist:

1) Flattened face
2) Small head
3) Short neck
4) Protruding tongue
5) Upward slanting eyelids
6) Unusual shaped or small ears
7) Weak muscle tone
8) Broad, quick hands with a single crease in the palm
9) Relatively short fingers and little hands and feet
10) Extreme flexibility
11) Tiny white spots on the colored part of the eye
12) Short height

Infants with Down syndrome symptoms may be average size, but typically they grow slowly and remain shorter than other children the same age.

Down Syndrome Caused by

Human cells generally include 23 pairs of chromosomes. One chromosome in each pair appears from the father, the other from the mother. Down syndrome caused by when abnormal cell division, including chromosome 21 happens. These cell division abnormalities output in an extra partial or full chromosome 21. This additional genetic substance is responsible for the characteristic features and developmental complications of Down syndrome causes. Anyone of three genetic variations can cause Down syndrome:

1) Trisomy 21
2) Mosaic Down syndrome
3) Translocation Down syndrome

Complications of Down Syndrome

The person with Down syndrome complications can have a variety of complications, some of which become more proper as they get older. These complications of the down syndrome can contain:

1) Heart defects
2) Gastrointestinal defects
3) Immune disorders
4) Sleep apnea
5) Obesity
6) Spinal problems
7) Dementia
8) Other problems

Down Syndrome Diagnosis

The doctors suggest providing the choice of screening tests and diagnostic tests for Down syndrome diagnosis to all pregnant women, regardless of age.

1) Screening test
2) Diagnostic test

The health care provider can negotiate the types of tests, advantages and disadvantages, benefits and changes, and the meaning of the outputs. If proper, the provider may suggest that you discuss it with a genetics counselor. The other diagnosis of down syndrome are

1) Screening tests during pregnancy
2) Integrated screening test
3) Diagnosis test during pregnancy
4) Diagnosis test for newborn

Treatments of Down Syndrome

Previous intervention for infants and children with Down syndrome treatments can cause a significant difference in developing their quality of life. Because every child with Down syndrome is unique, the treatment of down syndrome will be based on individual requirements. Also, various stages of life may need multiple services.

1) Team care
2) Supportive care

Down Syndrome Prevention

There is no way to prevent Down syndrome. If you are a great chance of having a child with Down syndrome or you already have one child with Down syndrome, you may want to talk to a genetic counselor before becoming pregnant. A genetic counselor can assist you in understanding the risks of having a child with the prevention of Down syndrome. He or she can also say the prenatal examines that are available and assist explain the pros and cons of testing.

Updated: December 23, 2019 — 4:26 pm

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