Diabetic nephropathy is a severe kidney-related problem of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. It is also known as diabetic kidney disease. About 25% of people who are suffering from diabetes eventually promote kidney disease.
Diabetic nephropathy affects the ability of your kidneys to do their general work of omitting waste products and extra fluid from your body. The best way to prevent or slow down diabetic nephropathy is to maintain a healthy lifestyle and treating your diabetes and high blood pressure.
Your kidney disease may increase to kidney failure, better say end-stage kidney disease. Kidney failure is a life-threatening situation. At this stage, your treatment options are only dialysis or a kidney transplant.
What are the symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy?
In the primary stages of diabetic nephropathy, you may not observe any signs or symptoms. In subsequent phases, the signs and symptoms include:
1) Blood pressure control down
2) Protein secretion in urine
3) Swelling of feet, ankles, hands or eyes
4) Increase urine rate
5) Need for insulin or diabetes medicine
6) Difficulty in concentration
7) Shortness of breath
8) Loss of appetite
9) Nausea and vomiting
10) Persistent itching
11) Fatigue and weakness
When you need to go to see a doctor?
Get an appointment with your doctor if you have any signs or symptoms of kidney disease. If you have been suffering diabetes, visit your doctor yearly for a urine test that identifies protein and analysis to monitor the creatinine level in your blood. These help to determine how well the kidneys are functioning.
What are the causes of Diabetic Nephropathy?
Diabetic nephropathy results when diabetes injures blood vessels and other cells in your kidneys.
How kidneys work?
Your kidneys contain millions of tiny blood vessel clusters that filter waste removal from your blood. Chronic injury to these blood vessels can lead to diabetic nephropathy, slow down kidney function, and kidney failure.
Diabetic Nephropathy causes
Diabetic nephropathy is a common problem of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Over time, uncontrolled diabetes can make injury to blood vessel clusters in your kidneys that filter waste from your blood. This can lead to kidney failure and cause high blood pressure. High blood pressure can make further kidney injury by producing the pressure in the delicate filtering system of the kidneys.
What are the risk factors associated with Diabetic Neuropathy?
Your risk of diabetic nephropathy is higher if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Several other factors might increase your risk of diabetic nephropathy, including:
1) High blood sugar that is not well controlled
2) High blood pressure that is not controlled
3) Being a smoker
4) High cholesterol
5) A family history of diabetes and kidney disease
What are the complications of Diabetic Neuropathy?
1) Fluid retention, which leads to swelling in your arms and legs, high blood pressure, or fluid in your lungs.
2) Increase of potassium level in your blood
3) Heart and blood vessel disease which lead to stroke
4) Injury to the blood vessels of the retina
6) Foot sores, erectile dysfunction, diarrhea and other problems related to injuring nerves and blood vessels
7) Pregnancy complications
8) End-stage of kidneys need dialysis or kidney transplant for survival
What are the prevention strategies of Diabetic Neuropathy?
1) Treat your diabetes: With effective treatment of diabetes, you may prevent or slow down diabetic kidney disease.
2) Manage high blood pressure or other medical conditions: If you have high blood pressure or other complications that gradually increase your risk of kidney disease, consult with your doctor to control them. Ask your doctor about tests to monitor signs and symptoms of kidney damage.
3) Follow instructions on over-the-counter medications: When using nonprescription pain killers such as aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), maintain the guidelines of the package. For people with diabetic kidney disease, taking these types of pain killers lead to kidney failure permanently.
4) Maintain a healthy weight: If you maintain a healthy weight, try to keep it by doing physically active maximum days of the week. If you want to lose weight, consult with your doctor about the weight-loss processes, such as increasing daily physical activity, and reducing calories.
5) Don’t smoke: Cigarette smoking can injure your kidneys and worsen existing kidney. If you’re a smoker, consult your doctor about procedures for quitting smoking. Support groups, counseling, and medications all will definitely help you to stop this activity.
What is the diagnosis procedure of Diabetic Neuropathy?
Your doctor will ask you about your signs and symptoms, and other complications, conduct a physical exam and ask about your medical history. He or she might refer you to a kidney specialist (nephrologist) or a diabetes specialist (endocrinologist).
To determine if you have diabetic neuropathy or not, you have to take some tests are
1) Blood tests
2) Urine tests
3) Imaging tests
4) Renal function testing
5) kidney biopsy