Dermatitis is a general term that explains skin irritation. Dermatitis is a common situation that has several causes and comes in many forms. It generally consists of itchy, dry skin, or a rash on swollen, reddened skin. Or it may make the skin blister, ooze, crust, or flake off. Examples of this situation are atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff, and contact dermatitis. Dermatitis isn’t contagious, but it can cause you to feel uncomfortable and self-conscious. Moisturizing daily helps to control the symptoms. Treatment may also include medicated ointments, creams, and shampoos.
Types of Dermatitis
Symptoms of Dermatitis
Each type of dermatitis may look a small different and tends to happen on various parts of your body. Signs and symptoms of different types of dermatitis include:
1) Atopic dermatitis (eczema): Generally starting in infant, this red, itchy rash generally arises where the skin flexes — inside the elbows, behind the knees and in front of the neck. The rash may leak out fluid when scratched and crust over. People with atopic dermatitis may feel improvement and then seasonal flare-ups.
2) Contact dermatitis: This red, itchy stinging rash arises where your skin has appeared into contact with substances that irritate the skin or create an allergic reaction. You may promote blisters.
3) Seborrheic dermatitis: This condition makes scaly patches, red skin, and stubborn dandruff. It generally triggers oily areas of the body, like the face, upper chest, and back. Seborrheic dermatitis can be a prolonged condition with periods of development and then seasonal flare-ups. In infants, this situation is called cradle cap.
4) Follicular eczema: With this type, the injured skin thickens and produces bumps in hair follicles. This situation is prevalent in African Americans and in people with dark-brown skin.
When you should go to the doctor?
Consult your doctor if:
1) You’re so uncomfortable that you would lose sleep or are diverted from your regular routines
2) Painful skin
3) Infected skin
4) If your signs and symptoms persist
Causes of Dermatitis
1) Atopic dermatitis (eczema): This type is likely associated with dry skin, a gene variation, an immune system dysfunction, a skin infection, exposure to food, airborne, or contact allergens, or a combination of these.
2) Contact dermatitis: This type targets from contact with something that irritates your skin or create an allergic reaction. Irritants or allergens such as poison ivy, perfumes, jewelry containing nickel, cleaning products, and the preservatives in many creams and lotions.
3) Seborrheic dermatitis: This type is made by a yeast (fungus) that is in the oil secretion on the skin.
Risk factors for Dermatitis
1) Age: Dermatitis can appear at any age, but atopic dermatitis (eczema) naturally starts in an infant.
2) Allergies and asthma: People who have a personal or family history of the disease, allergies, hay fever, or asthma are more likely to promote atopic dermatitis. This is the most important risk factor for Dermatitis.
3)Occupation: Jobs that place you in contact with certain metals, solvents, or cleaning supplies develop your risk of contact dermatitis. Being a health care worker is connected to hand eczema.
4) Health conditions: Health conditions that push you at improved risk of seborrheic dermatitis include congestive heart failure, Parkinson’s disease, and HIV/AIDS.
Complications of Dermatitis
Scratching the itchy rash related to dermatitis can make open sores, which may become affected. These skin infections can spread and may rarely appear life-threatening.
Prevention mechanism of Dermatitis
Avoid dry skin by making these habits given below
1) Take shorter baths and showers: Limit your bathtubs and showers to 5 to 10 minutes. Apply warm water rather than hot water. Bath oil also may be beneficial.
2) Use a gentle, nonsoap cleanser: Select nonsoap cleansers. Some soaps can dry your skin.
3) Dry yourself gently: After bathing, smoothly pat your skin dry with a soft towel.
4) Moisturize your skin: While your skin is still damp, seal in moisture with an oil, cream, or lotion. Try several products to find one that works for you. Ideally, the best one for you will be safe, effective, affordable, and unscented. Two small studies revealed that applying a protective moisturizer to the skin of infants at a high risk of atopic dermatitis decreased the incidence of the situation by up to 50 percent.
Diagnosis process of Dermatitis
Your doctor will likely consult with you about your symptoms and test your skin. You may require to have a small piece of skin omitted (biopsied) for study in a lab, which helps to rule out other situations.
Treatments of Dermatitis
The procedure for dermatitis differs, based on the cause and your symptoms. In addition to the lifestyle and home remedies recommendations below, dermatitis treatment includes one or more of the following:
1) Applying to the damaged skin corticosteroid creams, gels or ointments
2) Referring to the damaged skin certain creams or lotions that hit your immune system
3) Exposing the affected area to controlled amounts of natural or artificial light
4) Using oral corticosteroids (pills) or injectable dupilumab, for chronic disease