Study about Cradle Cap – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Cradle cap occurs crusty or oily scaly patches on a baby’s scalp. The situation isn’t painful or itchy. But it can make thick white or yellow scales that aren’t easy to omit.
Cradle cap generally removes up on its own in weeks or a few months. Home care remedy includes washing your baby’s scalp regularly with a mild shampoo. This can help you to loosen and clear the scales. Don’t scratch cradle cap. If the cradle cap persists or seems terrific, the doctor may recommend a medicated shampoo, lotion, or other treatment.

Symptoms of Cradle cap

General symptoms of cradle cap include:

1) Patchy scaling or thick crusts on the scalp
2) Oily or dry skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales
3) Skin flakes
4) Possibly little redness
Similar scales may also appear on the ears, eyelids, nose, and groin. Symptoms of Cradle cap is popular in newborns. It usually isn’t itchy. Cradle cap is the collective term for infant seborrheic dermatitis. It’s often confused with another skin disease, atopic dermatitis. A significant difference between these situations is that atopic dermatitis generally creates considerable itching.

When should you consult the doctor?

Consult your pediatrics doctor if:

1) You’ve tried treating it at home without recovery
2) The patches absorb to the face or body of your baby

Causes of Cradle cap

The Causes of cradle cap is unknown. One contributing factor may be hormones that carry from the mother to the baby before birth. These hormones can create too much production of oil (sebum) in the oil glands and hair follicles. Another factor may be a yeast (fungus) known as Malassezia that develops in the sebum along with bacteria. Antifungal treatments, are sometimes beneficial, supporting the idea that yeast is a contributing factor. Causes of the Cradle cap aren’t contagious, and it’s not occurred by poor hygiene.

Prevention process of Cradle cap

Shampooing your baby’s hair every few days can aid to prevent cradle cap. Stick with a soft baby shampoo unless your baby’s doctor suggests something stronger than shampoo

Diagnosis procedure of Cradle cap

The doctor may be able to diagnose cradle cap and identify its cause by consulting to you about your signs and symptoms, asking you to disclose clues about the target substance, and testing your skin to note the pattern and intensity of your rash. The doctor may suggest a patch test to identify if you’re allergic to something. This test can be beneficial if the cause of your outbreak isn’t apparent or if your rash recurs sometimes. This is the diagnosis of Cradle Cap.
During a patch test, small amounts of potential allergens are used to adhesive patches, which are then put on your skin. The pieces remain on your skin for two to three days, during which time you’ll require to keep your back dry. The doctor then monitors for skin reactions under the patches and determines whether further testing is needed.

Treatments of Cradle cap

You generally don’t need medical treatments of Cradle Cap, as it typically goes away on its own. In the meantime, clean your baby’s hair once a day with soft baby shampoo. If the scaling is massive, use mineral oil to the scalp for a couple of hours before shampooing. Then clean the hair as standard and brush the scalp lightly with a soft brush to loosen the scale.
If frequent shampooing doesn’t help, consult with your baby’s doctor about products that might help, like low-potency hydrocortisone cream or shampoo with 2 percent antifungal ketoconazole medication. Ensure the shampoo doesn’t get in your baby’s eyes, as it may create irritation. This is the treatment of Cradle Cap.
Don’t apply over-the-counter cortisone or antifungal creams without consulting to your baby’s doctor, because some of these products can be toxic when spread through a baby’s skin. Dandruff shampoos that contain salicylic acid aren’t suggested for use in babies either, because they can be spread through the skin.

Lifestyle and home remedies

1) Smoothly rub your baby’s scalp with your fingers or a washcloth to loosen the scales. Don’t scratch.
2) Clean your baby’s hair once a day with soft baby shampoo. Loosen the scales with a small, soft-bristled brush or fine-toothed comb before rinsing off the shampoo.
3) If the scales don’t loosen easily, rub petroleum jelly or a few drops of mineral oil onto your baby’s scalp. Let it soak into the scales for a few minutes or hours if required. Then brush and shampoo your baby’s hair as usual. If you leave the oil in your baby’s hair, the cradle cap may get worse.
4) Once the scales are gone, clean your baby’s hair every two to three days with a soft shampoo to prevent scale buildup.

Updated: November 30, 2019 — 4:14 pm

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