Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a challenging, potentially life-threatening situation that occurred by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). After affecting your immune system, AIDS interferes with your body’s potentiality to fight the organisms that create disease. AIDS is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It can also grow up by contact with affected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breast-feeding. Without any medication, it may take years before HIV weakens your immune system to the point that you have AIDS. There’s no cure for HIV/AIDS, but there are medicines that can drastically decrease the expansion of the disease. These drugs have reduced AIDS deaths in many developed countries.
What are the symptoms generally observed in AIDS?
The AIDS symptoms vary based on the infection.
1) Initial disease (Acute HIV)
Most people affected by HIV promote a flu-like illness within a month or two after the virus enters the body. This illness is called initial or acute HIV infection, may continue for a few weeks. Possible signs and symptoms include:
3) Muscle stiffness and joint pain
5) Sore throat and painful mouth sores
6) Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck
These symptoms can be so nominal that you might not even observe them. However, the amount of virus in your blood flow is quite high at this time. As a result, the infection expands more easily during initial infection than during the next stage
2) Chronic HIV
In some people, persistent swelling of lymph nodes happens during this condition. Otherwise, there are no specific signs and symptoms of chronic HIV. HIV remains in the body and in injured white blood cells.
This condition of chronic HIV infection usually continues around 10 years if you’re not taking antiretroviral therapy. But often, even with this treatment, it lasts for decades. Some people promote more dreadful diseases much sooner.
3) Symptomatic HIV infection
As the virus continues to multiply and spoil your immune cells — the cells in your body that help to fight off germs — you may promote nominal diseases or chronic signs and symptoms like:
3) Swollen lymph nodes — sometimes one of the primary mark of HIV infection
5) Weight loss
6) yeast infection in oral
If you experience that you have already been affected with the HIV virus which actually leads to AIDS, consult a doctor as early as possible
Reasons behind AIDS
HIV is formed by a virus. It can expand through sexual contact or blood, or from mother to child in pregnancy time, childbirth or breast-feeding. These are the reasons behind AIDS
HIV leads to AIDS
HIV kills CD4 T cells — white blood cells that play a significant role in helping your body fight disease. The fewer CD4 T cells you have, the poor your immune system becomes.
You can have an HIV infection for years before it becomes AIDS. AIDS is diagnosed when the CD4 T cell count falls below 200, or you have an AIDS-defining problem.
HIV spreading process
The HIV spreading process can happen in different ways. They are given below
1) Through sex
2) From blood transfusions
3) Sharing needles
4) During pregnancy or delivery or through breast-feeding
How HIV does not spread?
You can’t become injured with HIV through regular contact. That means you can’t suffer HIV or AIDS by hugging, kissing, dancing, or handshaking with someone who is affected. HIV does not spread through the air, water, or insect bites.
Problems of AIDS
HIV virus weakens the immune system very rapidly. So you may develop certain other severe diseases and certain types of cancer
1) Tuberculosis (TB)
4) Cryptococcal meningitis
Diagnosis process of AIDS
The diagnosis process of AIDS is by examining your blood or saliva for antibodies to the virus. Unfortunately, it takes time for your body to promote these antibodies — generally up to 12 weeks.
A quicker test monitors for HIV antigen, a protein originated by the virus immediately after infection. It can ensure a diagnosis soon after infection and permit the person to take swifter steps to prevent the grow up of the virus to others.
There’s no HIV/AIDS treatment, but several drugs are available to control the virus. Such AIDS treatment is known as antiretroviral therapy or ART. Each class of drugs blocks the virus in many ways. ART is now suggested for everyone, regardless of CD4 T cell counts. It’s advised to accumulate three drugs from two classes to neglect to make drug-resistant strains of HIV.
Prevention mechanism of AIDS
1) Use a new condom every time during sex
2) Say your sexual partner that you have AIDS
3) Always use a clean needle
These are the primary prevention mechanism of AIDS