The common cold is a viral infection of the nose and throat. The common cold is generally harmless, although it might not feel that way. Many types of viruses can create a common cold. Children younger than six are at the highest chance of common colds, but healthy adults can also expect to have two or three common colds annually. Most people revive from a common cold in a week or ten days. Symptoms of common cold might last continue in people who smoke. If symptoms do not develop, consult the doctor to treat the common cold. Seek medical attention if you suffer from fever greater than a hundred fahrenheit, wheezing, shortness of breath, sore throat, and headache problem.
Symptoms of Common Cold
Symptoms of a common cold typically come one to three days after exposure to a cold-causing virus. Signs and symptoms, which can differ from person to person, might involve:
1) Runny or stuffy nose
2) Sore throat
4) Congestion uneasiness
5) Slight body aches or a mild headache
7) Low-grade fever
8) Generally feeling unwell
The discharge from the nose may become thicker and yellow or green in color as common cold symptoms continue its course. This is not an indication of a bacterial infection.
Common Cold Causes
Although many types of viruses can cause a common cold, rhinoviruses are the most popular to make common cold. A cold virus enters the body through the mouth, eyes, or nose. The virus can expand through droplets in the air when someone who is ill coughs, sneezes, or talks. It also expands by hand-to-hand contact with someone who has a cold or by sharing contaminated objects, like utensils, towels, toys, or telephones. If you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth after such contact or exposure, you are likely to catch a common cold cause.
Complications of Common Cold
1) Acute ear infection: This happens when bacteria or viruses enter the space behind the eardrum. Typical signs and symptoms include earaches and, in some cases, a green or yellow discharge from the nose or the come back of a fever following a common cold.
2) Asthma disease
3) Acute sinusitis disease
4) Other secondary infections: These include strep throat, pneumonia disease, and croup or bronchitis disease in children. These infections need to be treated by a specialist doctor.
Common Cold Diagnosis
Most people with a common cold can be diagnosed by their signs and symptoms. If the doctor suspects you have a bacterial infection or other condition, he or she may order a chest X-ray or other tests for the diagnosis of the common cold to exclude other reasons for the symptoms.
Treatment of Common Cold
There is no cure for the common cold. Antibiotics are of no use against cold viruses and should not be applied unless there is a bacterial infection. Treatment of common cold is considered to relieve signs and symptoms. The standard remedies typically used for the treatment of common cold are
1) Pain relievers
2) Decongestant nasal sprays
3) Cough syrups
Common Cold Prevention
There is no vaccine for the prevention of common cold, but you can take commonsense precautions to slow the expansion of cold viruses:
1) Wash your hands: Clean your hands thoroughly and sometimes with soap and water, and teach your children the significance of hand-washing. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
2) Disinfect your stuff: Clean kitchen and bathroom countertops with disinfectant, particularly when someone in the family has a cold. Wash children’s toys periodically.
3) Always use tissue: Sneeze and cough into tissues. Discard used tissues right away, then wash your hands carefully. Teach children to sneeze or cough into the bend of their elbow when they do not have a tissue. That way, they cover their mouths without using their hands.
4) Do not share things: Do not share drinking glasses or utensils with other family members. Use your own glass or disposable cups when you or someone else is ill. Label the container or glass with the name of the person with the cold.
5) Avoid close contact with anyone
6) Choose your child care center wisely: Look for a child care setting with good hygiene practices and clear policies about keeping ill children at home.
7) Take care of yourself: Eating well, daily exercise and sufficient sleep, and managing stress might assist you to keep colds at bay.