Bladder cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers, affecting approximately 68,000 adults in the United States each year. Bladder cancer happens in men more rapidly than it does in women and generally targets older adults, though it can occur at any age. Bladder cancer most sometimes starts in the cells that line the inside of the bladder, the hollow, muscular organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine. Although it is most popular in the bladder, this same type of cancer disease can happen in other parts of the urinary tract drainage system.
About seven out of every ten bladder cancer diagnosis begin at an initial stage when bladder cancer is highly treatable. However, even primary-stage bladder cancer may come back in the bladder. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically require follow-up examines for years after treatment to look after bladder cancer that returns or advances to a higher stage.
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
Bladder cancer symptoms may include:
1) Blood in urine
2) Painful urination
3) Pelvic pain
If you have hematuria, the urine may come bright red or cola-colored is the symptom of Bladder Cancer. Often, urine may not show any different, but blood in urine may be identified during a microscopic test of the urine. People with bladder cancer symptoms might also feel:
1) Back pain
2) Frequent urination
But, these symptoms of bladder cancer sometimes happen because of something other than bladder cancer.
Bladder Cancer Caused by
Bladder cancer causes when cells in the bladder start to develop abnormally. Rather than grow and separate in an orderly manner, these cells promote mutations that cause bladder cancer to grow out of control and alive. These abnormal cells form a tumor. Causes of bladder cancer contain:
1) Smoking and other tobacco use
2) Exposure to chemicals, mainly working in a job that needs exposure to chemicals
3) Past radiation exposure
4) Chronic irritation in the bladder
5) Parasitic infections, particularly in people who are from or have visited certain areas outside the United States
It is not always clear what causes bladder cancer, and some people with bladder cancer have no definite risk factors.
Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer
Tests and procedures used to diagnosis of bladder cancer may contain:
3) Urine Cytology
4) Imaging tests
How to determine the extent of Bladder Cancer?
After ensuring that you have bladder cancer, the doctor may suggest additional examines to identify whether cancer has expanded to the lymph nodes or to other regions of the body.
Examines may contain:
1) CT scan
2) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
3) Bone scan
4) Chest X-ray
The doctor uses information from this process to assign cancer to a stage. The stages of bladder cancer are designated by Roman numerals ranging from 0 to IV. The lowest steps indicate cancer that is confined to the inner layers of the bladder, and that has not grown to infect the muscular bladder wall. The highest stage — stage IV — indicates cancer has expanded to lymph nodes or organs in distant regions of the body.
The cancer staging system continues to evolve and is becoming more difficult as doctors promote cancer diagnosis and treatment. The doctor uses the cancer stage to select the procedures that apply to you.
Bladder Cancer Treatments
Treatment of bladder cancer based on many factors, including the type of cancer, depth of cancer, and stage of cancer, which is taken into consideration along with the overall health and the treatment choices.
Bladder cancer treatment may contain:
1) Surgery, to omit cancerous tissue
2) Chemotherapy in the bladder to treat tumors that are confined to the lining of the bladder but have a great chance of recurrence or progression to a more significant stage
3) Reconstruction, to make a new way for urine to exit the body after bladder omitting
4) Chemotherapy for the whole body, to promote the risk for a cure in a person having surgery to eliminate the bladder, or as an initial treatment of bladder cancer in cases where surgery is not a choice
5) Radiation therapy, to kill cancer cells, sometimes as an initial treatment of bladder cancer in cases where surgery is not a choice or is not expected
6) Immunotherapy, to stimulate the immune system of the body to fight cancer cells, either in the bladder or throughout the body
A combination of treatment approaches may be suggested by the doctor and members of the care team.