Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a situation that causes your skin red and itchy. It’s natural in children but can appear at any age. Atopic dermatitis is chronic and tends to flare periodically. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. No cure has been discovered for atopic dermatitis. But treatments and self-care measures can relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks. For example, it helps to neglect harsh soaps, moisturize your skin daily and put medicated creams or ointments. Atopic dermatitis is a prevalent skin disease and holds the top position in the Dermatitis problem.
Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis
Symptoms of Atopic dermatitis (eczema) differ widely from person to person and include:
1) Dry skin
2) Severe Itching, especially at night
3) Red to brownish-gray patches, particularly on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, inside the bend of the elbows and knees, and for infants, the face and scalp
4) Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched
5) Thickened, cracked, scaly skin
6) Raw, sensitive, swollen skin
Atopic dermatitis symptoms sometimes start before age 5 and may persist into adolescence and adulthood. For some people, it flares periodically and then clears up for a time, even for several years.
When you should go to the doctor?
Consult a doctor if you or your child:
1) Is so uncomfortable that the situation is targeting sleep and daily activities
2) Skin infection — look for red streaks, pus, yellow scabs
3) Continues to experience symptoms despite trying home remedies
Seek immediate medical attention for your child if the rash seems injured, and he or she has a fever.
Causes of Atopic Dermatitis
Healthy skin helps to retain moisture and protects you from bacteria, irritants, and allergens. Eczema is associated with a gene variation that hits the skin’s ability to give this protection. This permits your skin to be targeted by environmental factors, irritants, and allergens. In some children, food allergies may play a role in making eczema. These are the causes of Atopic Dermatitis.
The first risk factor for atopic dermatitis is having a personal or family history of eczema, allergies, hay fever, or asthma.
1) Age: Dermatitis can appear at any age, but atopic dermatitis (eczema) naturally starts in an infant.
2) Allergies and asthma: People who have a personal or family history of the disease, allergies, hay fever, or asthma are more likely to promote atopic dermatitis.
3)Occupation: Jobs that place you in contact with certain metals, solvents, or cleaning supplies develop your risk of contact dermatitis. Being a health care worker is connected to hand eczema.
4) Health conditions: Health conditions that push you at improved risk of seborrheic dermatitis include congestive heart failure, Parkinson’s disease, and HIV/AIDS.
Complications of Atopic Dermatitis
1) Asthma and hay fever: Eczema often precedes these conditions. More than half of young children with atopic dermatitis promote asthma and hay fever by age 13.
2) Chronic itchy, scaly skin: A skin situation is known as neurodermatitis (lichen simplex chronicus) begins with a patch of itchy skin. You scratch the area, which causes it even itchier. Eventually, you may scratch simply out of habit. This situation can make the affected skin to become discolored, thick, and leathery.
3) Skin infections: Frequent scratching that breaks the surface can cause open sores and cracks. These promote the risk of disease from bacteria and viruses, including the herpes simplex virus.
4) Irritant hand dermatitis: This particular hits people whose work needs that their hands are sometimes wet and exposed to harsh soaps, detergents, and disinfectants.
5) Allergic contact dermatitis: This situation is general in people with atopic dermatitis.
6) Sleep problems: The itch-scratch cycle can cause poor sleep quality.
Diagnosis of Atopic Dermatitis
No lab test is required for the diagnosis of atopic dermatitis (eczema). The doctor will likely make a diagnosis of atopic dermatitis by analyzing your skin and reviewing your medical history. He or she may also apply patch testing or other tests to rule out other skin diseases or identify situations that accompany your eczema.
Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis also includes If you suspect a particular food made your child’s rash, consult the doctor and ask about potential food allergies.
Treatments of Atopic Dermatitis
Treatments of Atopic dermatitis can be persistent. You may have to try different treatments over months or years to control it. And even if treatment is successful, signs and symptoms may come back.
It’s essential to recognize the situation early so that you can begin treatment. If daily moisturizing and other self-care steps don’t help, the doctor may recommend one or more of the following procedures:
How to Prevent Atopic Dermatitis?
1) Moisturize your skin at least twice a day
2) Try to find out and avoid triggers
3) Take shorter baths or showers
4) Take a bleach bath
5) Always apply gentle soaps
6) Dry yourself very carefully