Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch that positions from the colon on the lower right side of the abdomen. Appendicitis makes a pain in the lower right abdomen. However, in most people, pain starts around the navel and then moves. As the inflammation worsens, appendicitis pain typically progresses and ultimately becomes serious. Although anyone can promote appendicitis, sometimes it happens in people between the ages of 10 and 30. Standard treatment of Appendicitis is surgical omitting of the appendix.
Symptoms of Appendicitis
Signs and symptoms of appendicitis may contain:
1) Sudden pain that starts on the right side of the lower abdomen
2) Sudden pain that starts around the navel and sometimes shifts to the lower right abdomen
3) Appendicitis symptoms cause pain that worsens if you cough, walk or make other jarring movements
4) Nausea and vomiting
5) Loss of appetite
6) Low-grade fever that may worsen as the illness progresses is the symptoms of Appendicitis
7) Constipation or diarrhea
8) Abdominal bloating
The site of the pain may differ based on the age and the location of the appendix. When you are pregnant, the pain may seem to appear from the upper abdomen because the appendix is higher during pregnancy.
A blockage in the passage of the appendix that causes infection is the likely appendicitis cause. The bacteria multiply quickly; the appendix causes to become inflamed, swollen, and filled with pus. If not treated immediately, the appendix can rupture.
What are the complications seen in Appendicitis?
Appendicitis complications, like:
1) A ruptured appendix: A rupture expands infection throughout the abdomen. Possibly fatal, this situation needs prompt surgery to omit the appendix and clear the abdominal cavity.
2) A pocket of pus that shapes in the abdomen: If the appendix bursts, you may promote a pocket of infection. In most cases, a surgeon drains the abscess by putting a tube through the abdominal wall into the abscess. The tunnel is left in place for about two weeks, and you are provided antibiotics to clean the infection. These are the complications of Appendicitis.
Diagnosis of Appendicitis
To help the diagnosis of appendicitis, the doctor will likely take a history of the signs and symptoms and test the abdomen. Tests and procedures used to diagnosis of appendicitis include:
1) Physical test for pain
2) Blood test
3) Urine test
4) Imaging test
Appendicitis treatment generally involves surgery to omit the inflamed appendix. Before surgery, you may be provided a dose of antibiotics for the treatment of Appendicitis.
1) An operation to clear the appendix
Appendectomy can be performed as open surgery using one abdominal incision about two to four inches (five to ten centimeters) long. Or the operation can be achieved through a few small abdominal incisions (laparoscopic surgery). During a laparoscopic appendectomy, the surgeon places special surgical tools and a video camera into the abdomen to omit the appendix. In general, laparoscopic surgery permits you to recover faster and heal with less pain and scarring. It may be better for older adults and people with obesity.
But laparoscopic surgery is not appropriate for everyone. If the appendix has ruptured and infection has expanded beyond the appendix, or you have an abscess, you may require an open appendectomy, which permits the surgeon to clear the abdominal cavity. Expect to stay one or two days in the hospital after your appendectomy.
2) Draining an abscess before appendix surgery
If the appendix has burst and an abscess has shaped around it, the abscess may be flowed by putting a tube through the skin into the abscess. Appendectomy can be done many weeks later after controlling the infection.