Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that, over time, can make some of the small bones in your spine (vertebrae) to fuse. This fusing insists the spine less flexible and can trigger a hunched-forward posture. If ribs are hit, it can be tough to breathe deeply.
Ankylosing spondylitis affects men sometimes more than women. Signs and symptoms typically start in early adulthood. Inflammation also can arise in other parts of your body — most commonly, your eyes.
There is no way for curing ankylosing spondylitis, but treatments can reduce your symptoms and possibly slow the improvement of the disease.
What are the symptoms generally seen in Ankylosing Spondylitis?
Primary signs and symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis might include pain and stiffness in your lower back and hips, particularly in the morning and after periods of inactivity. Neck pain and fatigue also are widespread in this disease. In subsequent times, symptoms might worsen, develop, or stop at irregular intervals. The most common affected areas are
1) The joint between the pelvis and the base of the spine
2) The vertebrae in your lower back
3) The places where your tendons and ligaments connect to bones, mainly in your spine, but often along the end of your heel
4) The cartilage between the breastbone and ribs
5) Hip and shoulder joints
When you should consult a doctor?
Seek medical attention if you have low back or buttock pain that appeared on gradually, is worse in the morning, or awakens you from your sleep in the second half of the night —mainly if this pain develops with exercise and worsens with rest. Consult an eye specialist immediately if you promote a painful red eye, chronic light sensitivity, or blurred vision.
What are the causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis?
Ankylosing spondylitis has no known particular cause, though genetic factors seem to be related. In specific, people who have a gene called HLA-B27 are at a broad enhanced risk of arising ankylosing spondylitis. However, only some people with the gene promote the condition.
What are the risk factors associated with Ankylosing Spondylitis?
1) Sex: Men are more affected to promote ankylosing spondylitis than are women.
2) Age: This generally arises in late adolescence or early adulthood.
3) Heredity: Most people who have been suffering from ankylosing spondylitis have the HLA-B27 gene. But many people who have this gene never promote ankylosing spondylitis.
What are the complications people usually experience in Ankylosing spondylitis?
In chronic ankylosing spondylitis, new bone formation as part of the attempt of the body to heal. This new bone gradually fulfills the gap between vertebrae and eventually fuses sections of vertebrae. Those parts of your spine become stiff and less flexible. Fusion can also stiffen your rib cage, hampering your lung capacity and function.
Some other complications include:
1) Eye inflammation: One of the most common complications of ankylosing spondylitis is uveitis or eye inflammation. It can make rapid-onset eye pain, sensitivity to light, and blurred vision. Consult your doctor in the right way if you experience these symptoms.
2) Compression fractures: Some people’s bones thin during the primary stages of ankylosing spondylitis. Weak vertebrae can crumble, producing the severity of your stooped posture. Vertebral fractures can put stress on and possibly damage the spinal cord and the nerves that pass through the spine.
3) Heart problems: Ankylosing spondylitis can cause problems with your aorta, which is the largest artery in our body. The inflamed aorta can enlarge to the point that it distorts the shape of the aortic valve in the heart, which hampers its function.
What are the diagnosis procedures of Ankylosing Spondylitis?
During the physical test, your doctor might ask you to bend in different positions to examine the range of movement in your spine. He or she might try to regain your pain by pressing on specific portions of your pelvis or by moving your legs into a particular position. Also, your doctor might ask you to take a deep breath to observe if you have trouble to expand your chest. Two tests include
1) Imaging test
2) Lab test
What is the treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis?
The goal of treatment is to free from your pain and stiffness and prevent or delay complications and spinal deformity. Ankylosing spondylitis treatment is most successful before the disease makes irreversible injury to your joints.
What should be your lifestyle and home remedies to avoid Ankylosing spondylitis?
1) Stay active: Exercise can help to relieve pain, maintain flexibility, and develop your posture.
2) Apply heat and cold: Heat applied to stiff joints and tight muscles can free from pain and stiffness. Use heating pads and hot baths and showers. Ice on inflamed areas can help to decrease swelling.
3) Do not smoke: If you smoke, you must quit. Smoking is usually injuries for your health, but it creates additional problems for people with ankylosing spondylitis, including further breathing trouble.
4) Practice good posture: Practicing standing straight in front of a mirror can help you to neglect some of the problems related to ankylosing spondylitis.