An abdominal aortic aneurysm is an enlarged part of the lower part of the primary vessel that provides blood to the body. The aorta runs from the heart through the center of the chest and abdomen. The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the body, so a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm can make life-threatening bleeding. Based on the size of the aneurysm and how fast abdominal aortic aneurysm is growing, the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm differs from watchful waiting for emergency surgery.
Symptoms of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Symptoms of Abdominal aortic aneurysms sometimes grow slowly, making them complex to identify. Some aneurysms never rupture. Many start small and stay small; others spread over time, some quickly. If you have an enhance abdominal aortic aneurysm symptoms, you might observe:
1) Deep, constant pain in the abdomen or on the side of the abdomen
2) Back pain
3) A pulse near the bellybutton
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Causes
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms can develop anywhere along the aorta, but most abdominal aortic aneurysms cause in the part of the aorta that is in the abdomen. Many factors can play a role in promoting an aortic aneurysm, including:
1) Hardening of the arteries: Atherosclerosis happens when fat and other substances build up on the lining of a blood vessel.
2) High blood pressure: High blood pressure can injure and weaken the aorta’s walls.
3) Blood vessel diseases: These are diseases that make blood vessels to become inflamed.
4) Infection in the aorta: Occasionally, a bacterial or fungal infection might create an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
5) Trauma: For example, being in a car accident can create an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Complications of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Tears in one or more of the layers of the wall of the aorta or a ruptured aneurysm are the main complications of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. A rupture can cause life-threatening internal bleeding. In general, the larger the aneurysm and the faster it grows, the higher the chance of breakage. Signs and symptoms that the aortic aneurysm has ruptured can involve:
1) Sudden, intense and persistent abdominal or back pain, which can be explained as a tearing sensation
2) Low blood pressure
3) Fast pulse
Abdominal Aortic aneurysms complications also put you at risk of promoting blood clots in the area. If a blood clot breaks loose from the inside wall of an aneurysm and blocks a blood vessel elsewhere in the body, it can create pain or block the blood flow to the legs, toes, kidneys, or abdominal organs.
Diagnosis of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysms diagnosis is sometimes found during a test for another cause or during routine medical tests, like an ultrasound of the heart or abdomen.
For the diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm, doctors will review the medical and family history and do a physical test. If the doctor suspects that you have an aortic aneurysm, specialized tests, like the following, can confirm it.
1) Abdominal ultrasound
2) CT Scan
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Treatment
The goal of the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm, either medical monitoring or surgery is to prevent the aneurysm from rupturing. Which treatment you have based on the size of the aortic aneurysm and how fast it is growing.
1) Medical monitoring: The doctor might suggest this option if the abdominal aortic aneurysm is small, and you do not have symptoms. You will have daily appointments to monitor if the aneurysm is growing, and treatment to control other medical conditions, like high blood pressure, that could worsen the aneurysm. You will likely need daily imaging tests to monitor the size of the aneurysm. Expect to have an abdominal ultrasound at least six months after the aneurysm is diagnosed and at regular follow-up tests.
2) Surgery: Repair is typically suggested if the aneurysm is 1.9 to 2.2 inches or more significant or if it is proliferating. Also, the doctor might advice surgery if you have symptoms like stomach pain or you have a leaking, tender, or painful aneurysm.
Prevention of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
For the prevention of abdominal aortic aneurysm or keep an aortic aneurysm from worsening, do the following:
1) Do not use tobacco products: Quit smoking or chewing tobacco and avoid secondhand smoking.
2) Consume a healthy diet: Concentrate on eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, poultry, fish, and low-fat dairy products. Avoid saturated fat, trans fats, and limit salt.
3) Keep the blood pressure and cholesterol under control: If the doctor has prescribed medicines, take them as instructed.
4) Get daily exercise: Try to obtain at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity. If you have not been active, start slowly, and build up. Discuss the doctor about what kinds of activities are appropriate for you.
If you are at chance of an aortic aneurysm, the doctor might suggest other measures, like medicines, to lower the blood pressure and relieve stress on weakened arteries for the prevention of abdominal aortic aneurysm.